senzacionale senzacionale - 3 months ago 96
C# Question

MSSQL Error 'The underlying provider failed on Open'

I was using an

.mdf
for connecting to a
database
and
entityClient
. Now I want to change the connection string so that there will be no
.mdf
file.

Is the following
connectionString
correct?

<connectionStrings>
<!--<add name="conString" connectionString="metadata=res://*/conString.csdl|res://*/conString.ssdl|res://*/conString.msl;provider=System.Data.SqlClient;provider connection string=&quot;Data Source=.\SQL2008;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|\NData.mdf;Integrated Security=True;Connect Timeout=30;User Instance=True;MultipleActiveResultSets=True&quot;" providerName="System.Data.EntityClient" />-->
<add name="conString" connectionString="metadata=res://*/conString.csdl|res://*/conString.ssdl|res://*/conString.msl;provider=System.Data.SqlClient;provider connection string=&quot;Data Source=.\SQL2008;Initial Catalog=NData;Integrated Security=True;Connect Timeout=30;User Instance=True;MultipleActiveResultSets=True&quot;" providerName="System.Data.EntityClient" />




Because I always get the error:


The underlying provider failed on Open

Answer

I had this error and found a few solutions:

Looking at your connection string, it looks valid. I found this blog post, the problem here is that they were using Integrated Security. If you are running on IIS, your IIS user needs access to the database.

If you are using Entity Framework with Transactions, Entity Framework automatically opens and closes a connection with each database call. So when using transactions, you are attempting to spread a transaction out over multiple connections. This elevates to MSDTC.

(See this reference for more information.)

Changing my code to the following fixed it:

using (DatabaseEntities context = new DatabaseEntities())
{
    context.Connection.Open();
    // the rest
}
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