In a Git tutorial I'm going through,
git commit "records changes to the repository" while
git push "updates remote refs along with associated objects". So the first one is used in connection with your local repository, while the latter one is used to interact with a remote repository.
Here is a nice picture from Oliver Steele, that explains the git model and the commands:
Read more about
git push and
git pull on GitReady.com (the article I referred to first)