I have information spread out across a few databases and want to put all the information onto one webpage using PHP. I was wondering how I can connect to multiple databases on a single PHP webpage.
I know how to connect to a single database using:
$dbh = mysql_connect($hostname, $username, $password)
or die("Unable to connect to MySQL");
You can make multiple calls to
mysql_connect(), but if the parameters are the same you need to pass true for the '
$new_link' (fourth) parameter, otherwise the same connection is reused. For example:
$dbh1 = mysql_connect($hostname, $username, $password); $dbh2 = mysql_connect($hostname, $username, $password, true); mysql_select_db('database1', $dbh1); mysql_select_db('database2', $dbh2);
Then to query database 1 pass the first link identifier:
mysql_query('select * from tablename', $dbh1);
and for database 2 pass the second:
mysql_query('select * from tablename', $dbh2);
If you do not pass a link identifier then the last connection created is used (in this case the one represented by
mysql_query('select * from tablename');
If the MySQL user has access to both databases and they are on the same host (i.e. both DBs are accessible from the same connection) you could:
mysql_select_db()to swap between as necessary. I am not sure this is a clean solution and you could end up querying the wrong database.
SELECT * FROM database2.tablename). This is likely to be a pain to implement.
Also please read troelskn's answer because that is a better approach if you are able to use PDO rather than the older extensions.