Liran H Liran H - 7 months ago 14
Javascript Question

jQuery .prop() undefined, .attr() works as expected for data-*

I am simply trying to get a couple of properties from two elements. Getting the property

value
from the
input
element works as expected. The problem is with getting the property
data-detail
from the
button
element.
It returns
undefined
when using
.prop()
, but works as expected when using
.attr()
.

Can anyone explain this odd behaviour I am witnessing?

HTML

<div class="formRow">
<label for="firstName">First name</label>
<div class="detailsControlBtns">
<button id="editFirstName" class="btn ctaBtn greenBtn editBtn">Edit</button>
<button class="btn ctaBtn greenBtn saveBtn" data-detail="firstName">Save</button>
<button id="closeFirstName" class="btn ctaBtn greyBtn closeBtn">Close</button>
</div>
<input type="text" id="firstName" name="firstName" value="[+firstName+]" readonly>
</div>


JS

$(".saveBtn").on("click", function() {
var saveBtn = $(this);
// The following statement yields undefined. When using .attr() it works as expected.
var detail = saveBtn.prop("data-detail");
var relevantInput = saveBtn.parent().next();
// The following statement works as expected.
var value = relevantInput.prop("value");
// ...
});

Answer

That's because there's no data-detail property on HTML element.

Here is a quick explanation for .data(), .prop() and .attr() :

DOM element is an object which has methods, and properties (from the DOM) and attributes(from the rendered HTML). Some of those properties get their initial value by the attributes
id->id, class->className, title->title, style->style etc.

Consider this element: <input type="checkbox" checked data-detail="somedata" >

The result of the following would be:

$('input').prop('id'); // => " "-empty string, property id exist on the element (defined by DOM) , but is not set.
$('input').attr('id');// => undefined - doesn't exist.


If you do the following:

$('input').attr('id',"someID");
$('input').prop('id'); // =>  "someID"
$('input').attr('id'); // =>  "someID"

And also:

$('input').prop('id',"someOtherID");
$('input').prop('id');// =>  "someOtherID"
$('input').attr('id');// =>  "someOtherID"

So, some attributes and properties have 1:1 mapping. (change of the attr result change of the prop and vice versa).


Consider the following: <input type="text" data-detail="somedata" value="someValue">

$('input').prop('value'); // =>  "someValue"
$('input').val();         // =>  "someValue"
$('input').attr('value'); // =>  "someValue"

And if you do:

$('input').prop('value','newVal');  or $('input').val('newVal');

$('input').prop('value'); // => "newVal"    -value of the property
$('input').val();         // => "newVal"    -value of the property
$('input').attr('value'); // => "someValue" -value of the attr didn't change, since in this case it is not 1:1 mapping (change of the prop value doesn't reflect to the attribute value).

Case with the .data()

1) How to get:

- Have in mind that attribute name is data-* and property name is dataset, so:

<input type="checkbox" data-detail="somedata" > 

 

 $('input')[0].dataset; //=> [object DOMStringMap] { detail: "somedata"}
 $('input')[0].dataset.detail; // => "somedata"
 $('input').prop('dataset'); //=>[object DOMStringMap] { detail: "somedata"}
 $('input').prop('dataset').detail; // => "somedata"
 $('input').data('detail'); // => "somedata"
 $('input').attr('data-detail');  //  => "somedata"

2) How to set:

I) $('input').prop('dataset').detail='newData';

 $('input').prop('dataset');  //=> [object DOMStringMap] { detail: "newData"}
 $('input').prop('dataset').detail; // => "newData"
 $('input').attr('data-detail'); // => "newData"
 $('input').data('detail'); // => "newData"

II) $('input').attr('data-detail','newData');

 $('input').prop('dataset');  //=> [object DOMStringMap] { detail: "newData"}
 $('input').prop('dataset').detail; // => "newData"
 $('input').attr('data-detail'); // => "newData"
 $('input').data('detail'); // => "newData"

So you can see that here is 1:1 mapping, attr change reflects prop and vice versa.

But check the third way:

III) $('input').data('detail','newData');

 $('input').prop('dataset'); // =>  [object DOMStringMap] { detail: "somedata"}
 $('input').prop('dataset').detail; // => "somedata"
 $('input').attr('data-detail'); // => "somedata"
 $('input').data('detail');  // => "newData"    <-----******

So, what is happening up here?

$(elem).data(key, value) does not change the HTML5 data-* attributes of the element. It stores its values in $.cache internally.

So for getting data-* you would never go wrong with .data() :

$(".saveBtn").on("click", function() {
    var saveBtn = $(this);
    var detail = saveBtn.data("detail");
    var relevantInput = saveBtn.parent().next();
    var value = relevantInput.prop("value");

});