Andriyas  Redel Andriyas Redel - 4 months ago 427
iOS Question

AVCaptureStillImageOutput vs AVCapturePhotoOutput in Swift 3

I am trying to simply put a Camera View in my View Controller.

I imported

at the top, as well as

However, whenever I try to use
, Xcode tells me that it was deprecated in iOS10 and I should use
. That is completely fine, however, as soon as I want to call
itself is not available. Thus, I have to use
for it to work but I have multiple warnings because this function was deprecated in iOS10.

I searched and searched but could not really find the solution around it. I would really appreciate your help. I am learning so any explanation would be great! Code is below.

import UIKit
import AVFoundation

class CameraView: UIViewController, UIImagePickerControllerDelegate, UINavigationControllerDelegate {

var captureSession : AVCaptureSession?
var stillImageOutput : AVCaptureStillImageOutput?
var previewLayer : AVCaptureVideoPreviewLayer?

@IBOutlet var cameraView: UIView!

override func viewWillAppear(_ animated: Bool) {
captureSession = AVCaptureSession()
captureSession?.sessionPreset = AVCaptureSessionPreset1920x1080

var backCamera = AVCaptureDevice.defaultDevice(withMediaType: AVMediaTypeVideo)
var error : NSError?

do {
var input = try! AVCaptureDeviceInput (device: backCamera)
if (error == nil && captureSession?.canAddInput(input) != nil) {


stillImageOutput = AVCaptureStillImageOutput()
stillImageOutput?.outputSettings = [AVVideoCodecKey: AVVideoCodecJPEG]

if (captureSession?.canAddOutput(stillImageOutput) != nil) {

previewLayer = AVCaptureVideoPreviewLayer (session: captureSession)
previewLayer?.videoGravity = AVLayerVideoGravityResizeAspect
previewLayer?.connection.videoOrientation = AVCaptureVideoOrientation.portrait
} catch {



AVCaptureStillImageOutput being deprecated means you can keep using it in iOS 10, but:

  • Apple makes no promises as to how long past iOS 10 it'll stay available.
  • as new hardware and software features get added in iOS 10 and beyond, you won't get access to all of them. For example, you can set up AVCaptureStillImageOutput for wide color but it's a lot easier to do wide color with AVCapturePhotoOutput. And for RAW capture or Live Photos, AVCapturePhotoOutput is the only game in town.

If you're happy proceeding despite the deprecation, your issue isn't that outputSettings is removed — it's still there.

Something to be aware of for beta 6 and beyond (though it turns out not to be an issue here): APIs that use NSDictionary without explicit key and value types come into Swift 3 as [AnyHashable: Any] and the Foundation or CoreFoundation types you might use in a dictionary are no longer implicitly bridged to Swift types. (Some of the other questions about beta 6 dictionary conversions might point you in the right direction there.)

However, I'm not getting any compilation errors for setting outputSettings. Whether in your full code or by reducing it to the essential parts for that line:

var stillImageOutput : AVCaptureStillImageOutput?
stillImageOutput = AVCaptureStillImageOutput()
stillImageOutput?.outputSettings = [AVVideoCodecKey: AVVideoCodecJPEG]

...the only warnings I see are about the deprecation.