Yossi Dahan Yossi Dahan - 3 months ago 26
C# Question

Counter of type RateOfCountsPerSecond32 always shows 0

I have a windows service that serves messages of some virtual queue via a WCF service interface.
I wanted to expose two performance counters -


  1. The number of items on the queue

  2. The number of items removed from the queue per second



The first one works fine, the second one always shows as 0 in PerfMon.exe, despite the RawValue appearing to be correct.

I'm creating the counters as such -

internal const string PERF_COUNTERS_CATEGORY = "HRG.Test.GDSSimulator";
internal const string PERF_COUNTER_ITEMSINQUEUE_COUNTER = "# Messages on queue";
internal const string PERF_COUNTER_PNR_PER_SECOND_COUNTER = "# Messages read / sec";

if (!PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists(PERF_COUNTERS_CATEGORY))
{
System.Diagnostics.Trace.WriteLine("Creating performance counter category: " + PERF_COUNTERS_CATEGORY);
CounterCreationDataCollection counters = new CounterCreationDataCollection();

CounterCreationData numberOfMessagesCounter = new CounterCreationData();
numberOfMessagesCounter.CounterHelp = "This counter provides the number of messages exist in each simulated queue";
numberOfMessagesCounter.CounterName = PERF_COUNTER_ITEMSINQUEUE_COUNTER;
numberOfMessagesCounter.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.NumberOfItems32;
counters.Add(numberOfMessagesCounter);

CounterCreationData messagesPerSecondCounter= new CounterCreationData();
messagesPerSecondCounter.CounterHelp = "This counter provides the number of messages read from the queue per second";
messagesPerSecondCounter.CounterName = PERF_COUNTER_PNR_PER_SECOND_COUNTER;
messagesPerSecondCounter.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RateOfCountsPerSecond32;
counters.Add(messagesPerSecondCounter);

PerformanceCounterCategory.Create(PERF_COUNTERS_CATEGORY, "HRG Queue Simulator performance counters", PerformanceCounterCategoryType.MultiInstance,counters);
}


Then, on each service call, I increment the relevant counter, for the per/sec counter this currently looks like this -

messagesPerSecCounter = new PerformanceCounter();
messagesPerSecCounter.CategoryName = QueueSimulator.PERF_COUNTERS_CATEGORY;
messagesPerSecCounter.CounterName = QueueSimulator.PERF_COUNTER_PNR_PER_SECOND_COUNTER;
messagesPerSecCounter.MachineName = ".";
messagesPerSecCounter.InstanceName = this.ToString().ToLower();
messagesPerSecCounter.ReadOnly = false;

messagesPerSecCounter.Increment();


As mentioned - if I put a breakpoint after the call to increment I can see the RawValue constantly increasing, in consistence with the calls to the service (fairly frequently, more than once a second, I would think)
But the performance counter itself stays on 0.

The performance counter providing the count of items on the 'queue', which is implemented in the same way (although I assign the RawValue, rather than call Increment) works just fine.

What am I missing?

Answer

I was also having problem with this counter. MSDN has a full working example that helped me a lot:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/4bcx21aa.aspx

As their example was fairly long winded, I boiled it down to a single method to demonstrate the bare essentials of using this counter. When I run it, I observe the expected value of 10 counts per second in PerfMon.

public static void Test()
{
    var ccdc = new CounterCreationDataCollection();

    // add the counter
    const string counterName = "RateOfCountsPerSecond64Sample";
    var rateOfCounts64 = new CounterCreationData
    {
        CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RateOfCountsPerSecond64,
        CounterName = counterName
    };
    ccdc.Add(rateOfCounts64);

    // create the category
    const string categoryName = "RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory";
    if (PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists(categoryName))
        PerformanceCounterCategory.Delete(categoryName);
    PerformanceCounterCategory.Create(categoryName, "",
        PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, ccdc);

    // create the counter
    var pc = new PerformanceCounter(categoryName, counterName, false);

    // send some sample data - ten counts per second
    while (true)
    {
        pc.IncrementBy(10);
        System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(1000);
    }
}

I hope this helps someone.