Pooya Yazdani Pooya Yazdani - 9 days ago 6
C# Question

EF migration for changing data type of columns

I have a Model in my project as below:

Public Class Model {
public int Id { get; set; }
public long FromNo { get; set; }
public long ToNo { get; set; }
public string Content { get; set; }
public long TicketNo { get; set; }
}


The migration is as below

public override void Down()
{
AlterColumn("dbo.Received", "FromNo", c => c.Long(nullable: false));
AlterColumn("dbo.Received", "ToNo", c => c.Long(nullable: false));
AlterColumn("dbo.Received", "TicketNo", c => c.Long(nullable: false));
}
public override void Up()
{
AlterColumn("dbo.Received", "FromNo", c => c.String());
AlterColumn("dbo.Received", "ToNo", c => c.String());
AlterColumn("dbo.Received", "TicketNo", c => c.String());
}


when I use Update-Database the error below is raised:


The object 'DF_Receiv_FromN__25869641' is dependent on column
'FromNo'. ALTER TABLE ALTER COLUMN FromNo failed because one or more
objects access this column.


This tables has no foreign key or what else so what is the problem?

Answer

You have a default constraint on your column. You need to first drop the constraint, then alter your column.

public override void Up()
{
    Sql("ALTER TABLE dbo.Received DROP CONSTRAINT DF_Receiv_FromN__25869641");
    AlterColumn("dbo.Received", "FromNo", c => c.String());
    AlterColumn("dbo.Received", "ToNo", c => c.String());
    AlterColumn("dbo.Received", "TicketNo", c => c.String());
}

You will probably have to drop the default constraints on your other columns as well.

I've just seen Andrey's comment (I know - very late) and he is correct. So a more robust approach would be to use something like:

 DECLARE @con nvarchar(128)
 SELECT @con = name
 FROM sys.default_constraints
 WHERE parent_object_id = object_id('dbo.Received')
 AND col_name(parent_object_id, parent_column_id) = 'FromNo';
 IF @con IS NOT NULL
     EXECUTE('ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Received] DROP CONSTRAINT ' + @con)

I know this probably doesn't help the OP but hopefully it helps anyone else that comes across this issue.

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