James Brady James Brady - 11 months ago 62
Linux Question

Best practice to run Linux service as a different user

Services default to starting as

at boot time on my RHEL box. If I recall correctly, the same is true for other Linux distros which use the init scripts in

What do you think is the best way to instead have the processes run as a (static) user of my choosing?

The only method I'd arrived at was to use something like:

su my_user -c 'daemon my_cmd &>/dev/null &'

But this seems a bit untidy...

Is there some bit of magic tucked away that provides an easy mechanism to automatically start services as other, non-root users?

EDIT: I should have said that the processes I'm starting in this instance are either Python scripts or Java programs. I'd rather not write a native wrapper around them, so unfortunately I'm unable to call setuid() as Black suggests.

hop hop
Answer Source

On Debian we use the start-stop-daemon utility, which handles pid-files, changing the user, putting the daemon into background and much more.

I'm not familiar with RedHat, but the daemon utility that you are already using (which is defined in /etc/init.d/functions, btw.) is mentioned everywhere as the equivalent to start-stop-daemon, so either it can also change the uid of your program, or the way you do it is already the correct one.

If you look around the net, there are several ready-made wrappers that you can use. Some may even be already packaged in RedHat. Have a look at daemonize, for example.