Eric Saboia Eric Saboia - 5 months ago 18
Bash Question

How use echo with grep in a Unix shell script?

I need to use echo with grep in a shell script. Can I use it?

I tried this, but is incorrect:

echo Linux: grep "Linux" ~/workspace/ep-exercicios/m1/e2/intro-linux.html | wc -w


I need show the message:

Linux: (number of Linux word on the document).


Example:

Linux: 945

Answer

grep -o | wc -l logic from other answer should work on most systems today.

Here is another mechanism using awk.

awk 'END{print RS " : " NR-1}' RS=Linux ~/workspace/ep-exercicios/m1/e2/intro-linux.html

Logic: split the file in records, with record separator = "Linux". In the end, print the record number.


e.g. for file containing these contents:

The Linux is a Unix-like and mostly POSIX-compliant computer operating system (OS) assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution. The defining component of Linux is the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on October 5, 1991 by Linus Torvalds. The Free Software Foundation uses the name GNU/Linux to describe the operating system, which has led to some controversy

records will be:

  1. The
  2. is a Unix-like and mostly POSIX-compliant computer operating system (OS) assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution. The defining component of
  3. is the
  4. kernel, an operating system kernel first released on October 5, 1991 by Linus Torvalds. The Free Software Foundation uses the name GNU/
  5. to describe the operating system, which has led to some controversy

Occurrence count of Linux is 4 == last record number - 1.