Dim Dim - 4 months ago 29
Android Question

Android PreferenceActivity dialog with number picker

I have seen many customized solutions and answers to this question. I need something very simple, I have a preference activity and all I need is that one of the options will open dialog with a number picker and save the results. Can you please guide me step by step with how to accomplish this?

public class SettingsActivity extends PreferenceActivity
{
@Override
protected void onCreate(final Bundle savedInstanceState)
{
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
getFragmentManager().beginTransaction().replace(android.R.id.content, new MyPreferenceFragment()).commit();
//requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE);
}

public static class MyPreferenceFragment extends PreferenceFragment
{
@Override
public void onCreate(final Bundle savedInstanceState)
{
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
addPreferencesFromResource(R.xml.prefs);

}
}

}


XML:



<SwitchPreference
android:key="cross"
android:summaryOff="Cross is invisible"
android:summaryOn="Cross is visible"
android:switchTextOff="OFF"
android:switchTextOn="ON"
android:title="Cross"
android:defaultValue="true"/>

<SwitchPreference
android:key="autoP"
android:summaryOff="App will go to sleep"
android:summaryOn="App will not go to sleep"
android:switchTextOff="OFF"
android:switchTextOn="ON"
android:title="Always On"
android:defaultValue="true"/>

<SwitchPreference
android:key="tempD"
android:summaryOff="Temprature not displayed"
android:summaryOn="Temprature displayed"
android:switchTextOff="OFF"
android:switchTextOn="ON"
android:title="Tempature Display"
android:defaultValue="true"/>

<ListPreference
android:entries="@array/units"
android:entryValues="@array/lunits"
android:key="listUnits"
android:summary="Units schosssing"
android:title="Units" android:defaultValue="C"/>

<!--Need to add button to open dialog-->

</PreferenceScreen>


Number Picker XML:

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent" >

<NumberPicker
android:id="@+id/numberPicker1"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
android:layout_marginTop="64dp" />

<Button
android:id="@+id/button2"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_below="@+id/numberPicker1"
android:layout_marginLeft="20dp"
android:layout_marginTop="98dp"
android:layout_toRightOf="@+id/numberPicker1"
android:text="Cancel" />

<Button
android:id="@+id/button1"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_alignBaseline="@+id/button2"
android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/button2"
android:layout_marginRight="16dp"
android:layout_toLeftOf="@+id/numberPicker1"
android:text="Set" />

</RelativeLayout>

Answer Source

Subclass DialogPreference to build your own NumberPickerPreference.

I have implemented one below for you. It works perfectly fine, but is not feature complete. For example the minimum and maximum values are hard-coded constants. These should really be attributes on the preference xml declaration. To get that to work you would need to add an attrs.xml file specifying your custom attributes.

For the full implementation of the NumberPicker preference widget that supports custom xml attributes in a library project and a demo app showing how to use it, see GitHub: https://github.com/Alobar/AndroidPreferenceTest

You would use the widget as any other preference widget, except you have to fully qualify the name:

preferences.xml

<PreferenceScreen xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

    <com.example.preference.NumberPickerPreference
        android:key="key_number"
        android:title="Give me a number"
        android:defaultValue="55" />

</PreferenceScreen>

NumberPickerPreference.java

package com.example.preference;

import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.TypedArray;
import android.preference.DialogPreference;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.view.Gravity;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.FrameLayout;
import android.widget.NumberPicker;

/**
 * A {@link android.preference.Preference} that displays a number picker as a dialog.
 */
public class NumberPickerPreference extends DialogPreference {

    // allowed range
    public static final int MAX_VALUE = 100;
    public static final int MIN_VALUE = 0;
    // enable or disable the 'circular behavior'
    public static final boolean WRAP_SELECTOR_WHEEL = true; 

    private NumberPicker picker;
    private int value;

    public NumberPickerPreference(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    public NumberPickerPreference(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
    }

    @Override
    protected View onCreateDialogView() {
        FrameLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams = new FrameLayout.LayoutParams(
                ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
        layoutParams.gravity = Gravity.CENTER;

        picker = new NumberPicker(getContext());
        picker.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);

        FrameLayout dialogView = new FrameLayout(getContext());
        dialogView.addView(picker);

        return dialogView;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onBindDialogView(View view) {
        super.onBindDialogView(view);
        picker.setMinValue(MIN_VALUE);
        picker.setMaxValue(MAX_VALUE);
        picker.setWrapSelectorWheel(WRAP_SELECTOR_WHEEL);
        picker.setValue(getValue());
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDialogClosed(boolean positiveResult) {
        if (positiveResult) {
            picker.clearFocus();
            int newValue = picker.getValue();
            if (callChangeListener(newValue)) {
                setValue(newValue);
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected Object onGetDefaultValue(TypedArray a, int index) {
        return a.getInt(index, MIN_VALUE);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onSetInitialValue(boolean restorePersistedValue, Object defaultValue) {
        setValue(restorePersistedValue ? getPersistedInt(MIN_VALUE) : (Integer) defaultValue);
    }

    public void setValue(int value) {
        this.value = value;
        persistInt(this.value);
    }

    public int getValue() {
        return this.value;
    }
}