Atma Atma - 1 year ago 206
Python Question

how to setup custom middleware in django

I am trying to create middleware to optionally pass a kwarg to every view that meets a condition.

The problem is that I cannot find an example of how to setup the middleware. I have seen classes that override the method I want to, process_view:

Class CheckConditionMiddleware(object):
def process_view(self, request):

return None

But where do I put this class? Do I create a middleware app and put this class inside of it and then reference it in the settings.middleware ?

Answer Source

First: The path structure

If you don't have it you need to create the middleware folder within your app following the structure:


The folder middleware should be placed in the same folder as, urls, templates...

Important: Don't forget to create the empty file inside the middleware folder so your app recognize this folder

Second: Create the middleware

Now we should create a file for our custom middleware, in this example let's supose we want a middleware that filter the users based on their IP, we create a file called inside the middleware folder with this code:

class FilterIPMiddleware(object):
    # Check if client IP is allowed
    def process_request(self, request):
        allowed_ips = ['', '', etc...] # Authorized ip's
        ip = request.META.get('REMOTE_ADDR') # Get client IP
        if ip not in allowed_ips:
            raise Http403 # If user is not allowed raise Error

       # If IP is allowed we don't do anything
       return None

Third: Add the middleware in our ''

We need to look for the MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES inside the and there we need to add our middleware (Add it in the last position). It should be like:

MIDDLEWARE = ( #  Before Django 1.10 the setting name was 'MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES'
     # Above are django standard middlewares

     # Now we add here our custom middleware

Done ! Now every request from every client will call your custom middleware and process your custom code !

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