vsync vsync - 6 months ago 7
Javascript Question

best way to generate empty 2D array

is there a shorter, better way to generate 'n' length 2D array?

var a = (function(){ var i=9, arr=[]; while(i--) arr.push([]); return arr })();

a // [ [],[],[],[],[],[],[],[],[] ]


UPDATE - shortest way for now is:

var a = (function(a){ while(a.push([]) < 9); return a})([]);


Emptying 2D array (saves memory rather than re-creating another:

function make2dArray(len){
var a = [];
while(a.push([]) < len);
return a;
}

function empty2dArray(arr){
for( var i = arr.length; i--; )
arr[i].length = 0;
}

// lets make a 2D array of 3 items
var a = make2dArray(3);

// lets populate it a bit
a[2].push('demo');
console.log(a); // [[],[],["demo"]]

// clear the array
empty2dArray(a);
console.log(a); // [[],[],[]]

Answer

Another way:

for(var a = [];a.length < 10; a.push([])); // semicolon is mandatory here

Yet another way:

var a = []; while(a.push([]) < 10);

This works because .push() [docs] (specification) returns the new length of the array.


That said, this is the wrong way of "reducing code". Create a dedicated function with a meaningful name and use this one. Your code will be much more understandable:

function get2DArray(size) {
    size = size > 0 ? size : 0;
    var arr = [];

    while(size--) {
        arr.push([]);
    }

    return arr;
}

var a = get2DArray(9);

Code is read much more often than written.