Michael003 Michael003 - 1 year ago 79
Bash Question

Modify a part of a line on a file

I'm doing a script that should modify the value of a variable on a file which looks like something like that :

smtpd_relay_restrictions = permit_mynetworks permit_sasl_authenticated defer_unauth_destination
myhostname = triton.itinet.fr
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
myorigin = /etc/mailname
mydestination = triton, localhost.localdomain, localhost

relayhost = smtp.free.fr
home_mailbox = Maildir/

virtual_mailbox_domains = $myhostname
virtual_mailbox_base = /var/mail/
virtual_mailbox_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/vmailbox

virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
#virtual_alias_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/virtual

I want to modify the value of relayhost by the user entry, I have done this

modify_relayhost ()
read new_relayhost
if (test -e /etc/postfix/main.cf)
grep "relayhost" /etc/postfix/main.cf | cut -d= -f1 && echo $new_relayhost

But it does not modify the file, it just print me that value called relayhost and write the user's one on the prompt

Answer Source

You can do this in a single sed command:

read new_relayhost

sed -i.bak -E 's/^([ \t]*relayhost[ \t]*=[ \t]*).*/\1'"$new_relayhost"'/' /etc/postfix/main.cf

This sed command finds relayhost key surrounded by optional spaces and replaces it's value part with value of variable $new_relayhost.

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