Tushar Tushar - 5 months ago 115
Objective-C Question

Need to generate HMAC SHA256 hash in Objective C as in Java

I need to generate a hash using HMAC SHA256. I am using the following code in Java. I need an equivalent code in Objective-C.

javax.crypto.Mac mac = javax.crypto.Mac.getInstance(type);
javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec secret = new javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec(key.getBytes(), type);
mac.init(secret);
byte[] digest = mac.doFinal(value.getBytes());
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(digest.length * 2);
String s="";
for (byte b: digest) {
s = Integer.toHexString(b);
if (s.length() == 1) {
sb.append('0');
}
sb.append(s);
}
return sb.toString();


Key =
YARJSuwP5Oo6/r47LczzWjUx/T8ioAJpUK2YfdI/ZshlTUP8q4ujEVjC0seEUAAtS6YEE1Veghz+IDbNQb+2KQ==


Value =

id=456|time=19:10|nonce=8


Output =

4effffffd8ffffffce7cffffffc4ffffffc71b2f72ffffffdc21ffffffa1ffffffe0ffffffe62d32550b0771296bffffff9c1159ffffffdeffffff8675ffffff9928654c


I have this Objective-C function:

//Hash method Definition
- (NSString *)getHashEncription:(NSString *)key andData:(NSString *)data{

NSLog(@"Secret Key %@ And Data %@", key, data);

const char *cKey = [key cStringUsingEncoding:NSASCIIStringEncoding];
const char *cData = [data cStringUsingEncoding:NSASCIIStringEncoding];



unsigned char cHMAC[CC_SHA256_DIGEST_LENGTH];

//HmacSHA256

CCHmac(kCCHmacAlgSHA256, cKey, strlen(cKey), cData, strlen(cData), cHMAC);

NSData *HMAC = [[NSData alloc] initWithBytes:cHMAC
length:sizeof(cHMAC)];

[Base64 initialize];
NSString *b64EncStr = [Base64 encode:HMAC];
NSLog(@"Base 64 encoded = %@",b64EncStr);
NSLog(@"NSData Value %@", HMAC);

// unsigned char hashedChars[32];
// NSString *inputString;
// inputString = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"hello"];
// NSData * inputData = [inputString dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
// CC_SHA256(inputData.bytes, inputData.length, hashedChars);


return [[NSString alloc] initWithData:HMAC encoding:NSASCIIStringEncoding];

}//End of getHashEncription


The output that I am getting is this:

8736bc4aa7fc3aa071f2b4262b6972a89d2861559a20afa765e46ff17cb181a9


I tried removing the base64 encoding, but it didn't work.

Any suggestions are most welcome.

Answer

You need to fix your Java hmac printer, because 4effffffd8ffffffce7cffffffc4ffffffc71b2f72ffffffdc21ffffffa1ffffffe0ffffffe62d32550b0771296bffffff9c1159ffffffdeffffff8675ffffff9928654c isn't valid. All those ffffff in there are a giveaway that you are sign-extending the bytes to 32-bit signed integers before converting them to hex. Presumably the correct hmac is 4ed8ce7cc4c71b2f72dc21a1e0e62d32550b0771296b9c1159de86759928654c.

Anyway, I suspect you are calling your method incorrectly. I copied your code into a test program which gives me this output for your key and data:

2011-12-10 13:03:38.231 hmactest[8251:707] test hmac = <4ed8ce7c c4c71b2f 72dc21a1 e0e62d32 550b0771 296b9c11 59de8675 9928654c>

That matches your desired output (except for the sign-extension errors).

Here's my test program:

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
#import <CommonCrypto/CommonHMAC.h>

NSData *hmacForKeyAndData(NSString *key, NSString *data)
{
    const char *cKey  = [key cStringUsingEncoding:NSASCIIStringEncoding];
    const char *cData = [data cStringUsingEncoding:NSASCIIStringEncoding];
    unsigned char cHMAC[CC_SHA256_DIGEST_LENGTH];
    CCHmac(kCCHmacAlgSHA256, cKey, strlen(cKey), cData, strlen(cData), cHMAC);
    return [[NSData alloc] initWithBytes:cHMAC length:sizeof(cHMAC)];
}

int main (int argc, const char * argv[])
{
    @autoreleasepool {
        // Compare to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMAC#Examples_of_HMAC_.28MD5.2C_SHA1.2C_SHA256_.29
        NSLog(@"empty hmac = %@", hmacForKeyAndData(@"", @""));
        NSLog(@"test hmac = %@", hmacForKeyAndData(@"YARJSuwP5Oo6/r47LczzWjUx/T8ioAJpUK2YfdI/ZshlTUP8q4ujEVjC0seEUAAtS6YEE1Veghz+IDbNQb+2KQ==", @"id=456|time=19:10|nonce=8"));
    }
    return 0;
}