M4N M4N - 3 months ago 14
C# Question

How to call an explicitly implemented interface-method on the base class

I have a situation, where two classes (one deriving from the other) both implement the same interface explicitly:

interface I
{
int M();
}
class A : I
{
int I.M() { return 1; }
}
class B : A, I
{
int I.M() { return 2; }
}


From the derived class' implementation of
I.M()
, I'd like to call the implementation of the base class, but I don't see how to do it. What I tried so far is this (in class B):

int I.M() { return (base as I).M() + 2; }
// this gives a compile-time error
//error CS0175: Use of keyword 'base' is not valid in this context

int I.M() { return ((this as A) as I).M() + 2; }
// this results in an endless loop, since it calls B's implementation


Is there a way to do this, without having to implement another (non interface-explicit) helper method?




Update:

I know it's possible with a "helper" method which can be called by the derived class, e.g:

class A : I
{
int I.M() { return M2(); }
protected int M2 { return 1; }
}


I can also change it to implement the interface non-explicitly. But I was just wondering if it's possible without any of these workarounds.

Answer

Unfortunately, it isn't possible.
Not even with a helper method. The helper method has the same problems as your second attempt: this is of type B, even in the base class and will call the implementation of M in B:

interface I
{
  int M();
}
class A : I
{
  int I.M() { return 1; }
  protected int CallM() { return (this as I).M(); }
}
class B : A, I
{
  int I.M() { return CallM(); }
}

The only workaround would be a helper method in A that is used in A's implementation of M:

interface I
{
  int M();
}
class A : I
{
  int I.M() { return CallM(); }
  protected int CallM() { return 1; }
}
class B : A, I
{
  int I.M() { return CallM(); }
}

But you would need to provide a method like this also for B if there will be a class C : B, I...