gozzilli gozzilli - 5 months ago 55
Python Question

Expand pandas DataFrame column into multiple rows

If I have a

DataFrame
such that:

pd.DataFrame( {"name" : "John",
"days" : [[1, 3, 5, 7]]
})


gives this structure:

days name
0 [1, 3, 5, 7] John


How do expand it to the following?

days name
0 1 John
1 3 John
2 5 John
3 7 John

Answer

You could use df.itertuples to iterate through each row, and use a list comprehension to reshape the data into the desired form:

import pandas as pd

df = pd.DataFrame( {"name" : ["John", "Eric"], 
               "days" : [[1, 3, 5, 7], [2,4]]})
result = pd.DataFrame([(d, tup.name) for tup in df.itertuples() for d in tup.days])
print(result

yields

   0     1
0  1  John
1  3  John
2  5  John
3  7  John
4  2  Eric
5  4  Eric

Divakar's solution, using_repeat, is fastest:

In [48]: %timeit using_repeat(df)
1000 loops, best of 3: 834 ┬Ás per loop

In [5]: %timeit using_itertuples(df)
100 loops, best of 3: 3.43 ms per loop

In [7]: %timeit using_apply(df)
1 loop, best of 3: 379 ms per loop

In [8]: %timeit using_append(df)
1 loop, best of 3: 3.59 s per loop

Here is the setup used for the above benchmark:

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd

N = 10**3
df = pd.DataFrame( {"name" : np.random.choice(list('ABCD'), size=N), 
                    "days" : [np.random.randint(10, size=np.random.randint(5))
                              for i in range(N)]})

def using_itertuples(df):
    return  pd.DataFrame([(d, tup.name) for tup in df.itertuples() for d in tup.days])

def using_repeat(df):
    lens = [len(item) for item in df['days']]
    return pd.DataFrame( {"name" : np.repeat(df['name'].values,lens), 
                          "days" : np.concatenate(df['days'].values)})

def using_apply(df):
    return (df.apply(lambda x: pd.Series(x.days), axis=1)
            .stack()
            .reset_index(level=1, drop=1)
            .to_frame('day')
            .join(df['name']))

def using_append(df):
    df2 = pd.DataFrame(columns = df.columns)
    for i,r in df.iterrows():
        for e in r.days:
            new_r = r.copy()
            new_r.days = e
            df2 = df2.append(new_r)
    return df2