mjn mjn - 1 year ago 192
Android Question

Paho Android client drops connection when a message is shown

I am trying to use the basic Eclipse Paho MQTT client version 1.1.0 to connect to a CloudAMQP RabbitMQ instance, subscribe to a topic, and receive messages (which I send from the web admin console).

It works well if the application sends all message payloads to the Log output.

If the application adds the message to a TextView, the message appears, but the connection is dropped immediately and no more message are received.

The full project is available at GitHub. A simple example is below.

There is a service-based MQTT Paho client, but I thought that for very simple applications the basic client should be able to receive and show messages in the Android app UI.


import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.IMqttDeliveryToken;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttCallback;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttClient;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttClientPersistence;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttConnectOptions;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttException;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttMessage;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.persist.MemoryPersistence;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements MqttCallback {

private static final String TAG = "main";
private Connection connection;

protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
Toolbar toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);


private Button buttonConnect;
private TextView messageWindow;

private void configureUI() {
buttonConnect = (Button) findViewById(R.id.buttonConnect);
messageWindow = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.messageWindow);

buttonConnect.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
public void onClick(View v) {
String s = "***";
String d = "test";
String u = "***";
String p = "***";

if (connection != null && connection.isConnected()) {
connection = null;
messageWindow.setText(String.format("Disconnected from server %s",
new Object[]{s}));

messageWindow.setText(String.format("Connecting to server %s as user %s",
new Object[]{s, u}));

connection = new Connection(MainActivity.this, MainActivity.this, s, u, p);

if (connection.isConnected()) {
messageWindow.append(String.format("Connected, listening for messages from topic %s",
new Object[]{d}));

public void connectionLost(Throwable cause) {
Log.e(TAG, "connectionLost" + cause.getMessage());

public void messageArrived(String topic, MqttMessage message) throws Exception {
String msg = new String(message.getPayload());
Log.i(TAG, "Message Arrived: " + msg);
// messageWindow.append(msg);

public void deliveryComplete(IMqttDeliveryToken token) {
Log.i(TAG, "Delivery Complete!");

class Connection {
private static final String TAG = "conn";
private static final String protocol = "tcp://";
private static final int port = 1883;
private static final int version = MqttConnectOptions.MQTT_VERSION_3_1_1;
private static final int keepAliveSeconds = 20 * 60;

private final Context context;
private MqttClient client;

private final String server;
private final String user;
private final String pass;

private final MqttConnectOptions options = new MqttConnectOptions();

public Connection(Context ctx, MqttCallback mqttCallback, String server, String user, String pass) {
this.context = ctx;
this.server = server;
this.user = user;
this.pass = pass;

MqttClientPersistence memPer = new MemoryPersistence();
try {
String url = protocol + server + ":" + port;
client = new MqttClient(url, MqttClient.generateClientId(), memPer);
} catch (MqttException e) {

options.setUserName(user + ":" + user);

void connect() {
Log.i(TAG, "buttonConnect");
try {
} catch (MqttException ex) {
Log.e(TAG, "Connection attempt failed with reason code = " + ex.getReasonCode() + ":" + ex.getCause());

public boolean isConnected() {
return client.isConnected();

public void disconnect() {
try {
} catch (MqttException e) {
Log.e(TAG, "Disconnect failed with reason code = " + e.getReasonCode());

void subscribe(String dest) {
try {
} catch (MqttException e) {
Log.e(TAG, "Subscribe failed with reason code = " + e.getReasonCode());

Answer Source

I would guess this is because you are trying to update the TextView from a none UI thread.

Try wrapping the messageWindow.append(msg); in a runOnUiThread call.

public void messageArrived(String topic, MqttMessage message) throws Exception {
    String msg = new String(message.getPayload());
    Log.i(TAG, "Message Arrived: " + msg);
    runOnUiThread(new Runnable(){
       public void run() {
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