Zameer Manji Zameer Manji - 11 days ago 6
C++ Question

How to compile C++11 with clang 3.2 on OSX lion?

I am trying to compile the following C++ program which relies on the C++11

<thread>
header. I am trying to do this on OSX Lion.

#include <iostream>
#include <thread>
#include <vector>

void hello()
{
std::cout << "Hello from thread " << std::this_thread::get_id() << std::endl;
}

int main()
{
std::vector<std::thread> threads;

for(int i = 0; i < 5; i++)
{
threads.push_back(std::thread(hello));
}

for(auto& thread: threads)
{
thread.join();
}

return 0;
}


The above program compiles fine with g++ 4.7 which I installed using the homebrew package manager. However when trying to compile the above program with clang 3.2 (also installed using the homebrew package manager) I get the following error message:

Zameers-MacBook-Air:tmp zmanji$ clang++ -v -std=c++11 test.cpp
clang version 3.2 (tags/RELEASE_32/final)
Target: x86_64-apple-darwin11.3.0
Thread model: posix
"/usr/local/Cellar/llvm/3.2/bin/clang" -cc1 -triple x86_64-apple-macosx10.7.0 -emit-obj -mrelax-all -disable-free -main-file-name test.cpp -mrelocation-model pic -pic-level 2 -mdisable-fp-elim -masm-verbose -munwind-tables -target-cpu core2 -target-linker-version 128.2 -v -resource-dir /usr/local/Cellar/llvm/3.2/bin/../lib/clang/3.2 -fmodule-cache-path /var/folders/qf/j_7_sw0n093gn1y0mtsyztxh0000gn/T/clang-module-cache -std=c++11 -fdeprecated-macro -fdebug-compilation-dir /Users/zmanji/tmp -ferror-limit 19 -fmessage-length 101 -stack-protector 1 -mstackrealign -fblocks -fobjc-runtime=macosx-10.7.0 -fobjc-dispatch-method=mixed -fobjc-default-synthesize-properties -fencode-extended-block-signature -fcxx-exceptions -fexceptions -fdiagnostics-show-option -fcolor-diagnostics -o /var/folders/qf/j_7_sw0n093gn1y0mtsyztxh0000gn/T/test-Zkjucl.o -x c++ test.cpp
clang -cc1 version 3.2 based upon LLVM 3.2svn default target x86_64-apple-darwin11.3.0
ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/include/c++/4.2.1/i686-apple-darwin10/x86_64"
ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/include/c++/4.0.0"
ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/include/c++/4.0.0/i686-apple-darwin8/"
ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/include/c++/4.0.0/backward"
#include "..." search starts here:
#include <...> search starts here:
/usr/include/c++/4.2.1
/usr/include/c++/4.2.1/backward
/usr/local/include
/usr/local/Cellar/llvm/3.2/bin/../lib/clang/3.2/include
/usr/include
/System/Library/Frameworks (framework directory)
/Library/Frameworks (framework directory)
End of search list.
test.cpp:2:10: fatal error: 'thread' file not found
#include <thread>
^
1 error generated.


It seems that clang cannot find the
<thread>
header but I am not sure why.

Edit:
I tried sharth's answer below and now I am getting the error that the
<iostream>
header does not exist.

Zameers-MacBook-Air:tmp zmanji$ clang++ -v -std=c++11 -stdlib=libc++ test.cpp
clang version 3.2 (tags/RELEASE_32/final)
Target: x86_64-apple-darwin11.3.0
Thread model: posix
"/usr/local/Cellar/llvm/3.2/bin/clang" -cc1 -triple x86_64-apple-macosx10.7.0 -emit-obj -mrelax-all -disable-free -main-file-name test.cpp -mrelocation-model pic -pic-level 2 -mdisable-fp-elim -masm-verbose -munwind-tables -target-cpu core2 -target-linker-version 128.2 -v -resource-dir /usr/local/Cellar/llvm/3.2/bin/../lib/clang/3.2 -fmodule-cache-path /var/folders/qf/j_7_sw0n093gn1y0mtsyztxh0000gn/T/clang-module-cache -stdlib=libc++ -std=c++11 -fdeprecated-macro -fdebug-compilation-dir /Users/zmanji/tmp -ferror-limit 19 -fmessage-length 203 -stack-protector 1 -mstackrealign -fblocks -fobjc-runtime=macosx-10.7.0 -fobjc-dispatch-method=mixed -fobjc-default-synthesize-properties -fencode-extended-block-signature -fcxx-exceptions -fexceptions -fdiagnostics-show-option -fcolor-diagnostics -o /var/folders/qf/j_7_sw0n093gn1y0mtsyztxh0000gn/T/test-k2Alf4.o -x c++ test.cpp
clang -cc1 version 3.2 based upon LLVM 3.2svn default target x86_64-apple-darwin11.3.0
ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/local/Cellar/llvm/3.2/bin/../lib/c++/v1"
ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/include/c++/v1"
#include "..." search starts here:
#include <...> search starts here:
/usr/local/include
/usr/local/Cellar/llvm/3.2/bin/../lib/clang/3.2/include
/usr/include
/System/Library/Frameworks (framework directory)
/Library/Frameworks (framework directory)
End of search list.
test.cpp:1:10: fatal error: 'iostream' file not found
#include <iostream>
^
1 error generated.

Answer

You need to use libc++ instead of libstdc++.

clang++ -std=c++11 -stdlib=libc++ foo.cc