stukennedy stukennedy -4 years ago 124
Node.js Question

Creating signed URLs for Google Cloud Storage using NodeJS

I'm trying to create a signature for a privately stored file in Google Cloud Storage; so that I can distribute a time-limited link.

Currently doing this and it makes a signature that's too short ... where am I going wrong?

var crypto = require("crypto");

var ttl = new Date().getTime() + 3600;
var id = 'the_target_file.txt';
var bucketName = 'bucket_name';
var POLICY_JSON = "GET\n" + "\n" + "\n" + ttl + "\n" + '/' + bucketName + '/' + id;

// stringify and encode the policy
var stringPolicy = JSON.stringify(POLICY_JSON);
var base64Policy = Buffer(stringPolicy, "utf-8").toString("base64");

// sign the base64 encoded policy
var privateKey = "MY_PRIVATE_KEY";
var sha256 = crypto.createHmac("sha256", privateKey);
var signature = sha256.update(new Buffer(base64Policy, "utf-8")).digest("base64");

console.log ( signature );

Answer Source

Realised what I was doing wrong ... I was hashing the policy string instead of signing it. The below code now gives me the correct output.

var crypto = require("crypto");
var fs = require("fs");

var expiry = new Date().getTime() + 3600;
var key = 'the_target_file';
var bucketName = 'bucket_name';
var accessId = 'my_access_id';
var stringPolicy = "GET\n" + "\n" + "\n" + expiry + "\n" + '/' + bucketName + '/' + key;
var base64Policy = Buffer(stringPolicy, "utf-8").toString("base64");   
var privateKey = fs.readFileSync("gcs.pem","utf8");
var signature = encodeURIComponent(crypto.createSign('sha256').update(stringPolicy).sign(privateKey,"base64"));   
var signedUrl = "https://" + bucketName + ".commondatastorage.googleapis.com/" + key +"?GoogleAccessId=" + accessId + "&Expires=" + expiry + "&Signature=" + signature;

console.log(signedUrl);

For completeness ... here is a PHP version that does the same thing, which I used to check my results

$expiry = time() + 3600;
$key = 'the_target_file';
$bucketName = 'bucket_name';
$accessId = 'my_access_id';
$stringPolicy = "GET\n\n\n".$expiry."\n/".$bucketName."/".$key;
$fp = fopen('gcs.pem', 'r');
$priv_key = fread($fp, 8192);
fclose($fp);
$pkeyid = openssl_get_privatekey($priv_key,"password"); 
if (openssl_sign( $stringPolicy, $signature, $pkeyid, 'sha256' )) {
    $signature = urlencode( base64_encode( $signature ) );    
    echo 'https://'.$bucketName.'.commondatastorage.googleapis.com/'.
              $key.'?GoogleAccessId='.$accessId.'&Expires='.$expiry.'&Signature='.$signature;
}
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