jfclavette jfclavette - 10 days ago 6
C# Question

Validating an XML against referenced XSD in C#

I have an XML file with a specified schema location such as this:

xsi:schemaLocation="someurl ..\localSchemaPath.xsd"


I want to validate in C#. Visual Studio, when I open the file, validates it against the schema and lists errors perfectly. Somehow, though, I can't seem to validate it automatically in C# without specifying the schema to validate against like so:

XmlDocument asset = new XmlDocument();

XmlTextReader schemaReader = new XmlTextReader("relativeSchemaPath");
XmlSchema schema = XmlSchema.Read(schemaReader, SchemaValidationHandler);

asset.Schemas.Add(schema);

asset.Load(filename);
asset.Validate(DocumentValidationHandler);


Shouldn't I be able to validate with the schema specified in the XML file automatically ? What am I missing ?

Answer

You need to create an XmlReaderSettings instance and pass that to your XmlReader when you create it. Then you can subscribe to the ValidationEventHandler in the settings to receive validation errors. Your code will end up looking like this:

using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;
using System.IO;

public class ValidXSD
{
    public static void Main()
    {

        // Set the validation settings.
        XmlReaderSettings settings = new XmlReaderSettings();
        settings.ValidationType = ValidationType.Schema;
        settings.ValidationFlags |= XmlSchemaValidationFlags.ProcessInlineSchema;
        settings.ValidationFlags |= XmlSchemaValidationFlags.ProcessSchemaLocation;
        settings.ValidationFlags |= XmlSchemaValidationFlags.ReportValidationWarnings;
        settings.ValidationEventHandler += new ValidationEventHandler(ValidationCallBack);

        // Create the XmlReader object.
        XmlReader reader = XmlReader.Create("inlineSchema.xml", settings);

        // Parse the file. 
        while (reader.Read()) ;

    }
    // Display any warnings or errors.
    private static void ValidationCallBack(object sender, ValidationEventArgs args)
    {
        if (args.Severity == XmlSeverityType.Warning)
            Console.WriteLine("\tWarning: Matching schema not found.  No validation occurred." + args.Message);
        else
            Console.WriteLine("\tValidation error: " + args.Message);

    }
}
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