getjish getjish - 1 month ago 5
PHP Question

What happens in this code block during php oop?

Could someone please explain the third line where Request and $request is used. It would be great if you could provide me a link having an explanation of the same? I just want to know what is happening there.

<?php
class xyz {
public function foo(Request $request){
//some code
}
}

Answer

Type hinting:

http://php.net/manual/en/language.oop5.typehinting.php

<?php
// An example class
class MyClass
{
    /**
     * A test function
     *
     * First parameter must be an object of type OtherClass
     */
    public function test(OtherClass $otherclass) {
        echo $otherclass->var;
    }


    /**
     * Another test function
     *
     * First parameter must be an array
     */
    public function test_array(array $input_array) {
        print_r($input_array);
    }
}

// Another example class
class OtherClass {
    public $var = 'Hello World';
}

It throws an error if the argument is not of the type specified:

<?php
// An instance of each class
$myclass = new MyClass;
$otherclass = new OtherClass;

// Fatal Error: Argument 1 must be an object of class OtherClass
$myclass->test('hello');

// Fatal Error: Argument 1 must be an instance of OtherClass
$foo = new stdClass;
$myclass->test($foo);

// Fatal Error: Argument 1 must not be null
$myclass->test(null);

// Works: Prints Hello World
$myclass->test($otherclass);

// Fatal Error: Argument 1 must be an array
$myclass->test_array('a string');

// Works: Prints the array
$myclass->test_array(array('a', 'b', 'c'));
?>