I have a Stored procedure which schedules a job. This Job takes a lot of time to get completed (approx 30 to 40 min). I need to get to know the status of this Job.
Below details would help me
1) How to see the list of all jobs that have got scheduled for a future time and are yet to start
2) How to see the the list of jobs running and the time span from when they are running
3) How to see if the job has completed successfully or has stoped in between because of any error.
You could try using the system stored procedure sp_help_job. This returns information on the job, its steps, schedules and servers. For example
EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_help_job @Job_name = 'Your Job Name'
SQL Books Online should contain lots of information about the records it returns.
For returning information on multiple jobs, you could try querying the following system tables which hold the various bits of information on the job
Their names are fairly self-explanatory (apart from SysJobServers which hold information on when the job last run and the outcome).
Again, information on the fields can be found at MSDN. For example, check out the page for SysJobs