jschr jschr - 1 year ago 248
Node.js Question

Querying after populate in Mongoose

I'm pretty new to Mongoose and MongoDB in general so I'm having a difficult time figuring out if something like this is possible:

Item = new Schema({
id: Schema.ObjectId,
dateCreated: { type: Date, default: Date.now },
title: { type: String, default: 'No Title' },
description: { type: String, default: 'No Description' },
tags: [ { type: Schema.ObjectId, ref: 'ItemTag' }]

ItemTag = new Schema({
id: Schema.ObjectId,
tagId: { type: Schema.ObjectId, ref: 'Tag' },
tagName: { type: String }

var query = Models.Item.find({});

.where('tags.tagName').in(['funny', 'politics'])
.run(function(err, docs){
// docs is always empty

Is there a better way do this?


Apologies for any confusion. What I'm trying to do is get all Items that contain either the funny tag or politics tag.


Document without where clause:

_id: 4fe90264e5caa33f04000012,
dislikes: 0,
likes: 0,
source: '/uploads/loldog.jpg',
comments: [],
tags: [{
itemId: 4fe90264e5caa33f04000012,
tagName: 'movies',
tagId: 4fe64219007e20e644000007,
_id: 4fe90270e5caa33f04000015,
dateCreated: Tue, 26 Jun 2012 00:29:36 GMT,
rating: 0,
dislikes: 0,
likes: 0
itemId: 4fe90264e5caa33f04000012,
tagName: 'funny',
tagId: 4fe64219007e20e644000002,
_id: 4fe90270e5caa33f04000017,
dateCreated: Tue, 26 Jun 2012 00:29:36 GMT,
rating: 0,
dislikes: 0,
likes: 0
viewCount: 0,
rating: 0,
type: 'image',
description: null,
title: 'dogggg',
dateCreated: Tue, 26 Jun 2012 00:29:24 GMT
}, ... ]

With the where clause, I get an empty array.

Answer Source

what you are asking for isn't directly supported but can be achieved by adding another filter step after the query returns.

first, .populate( 'tags', null, { tagName: { $in: ['funny', 'politics'] } } ) is definitely what you need to do to filter the tags documents. then, after the query returns you'll need to manually filter out documents that don't have any tags docs that matched the populate criteria. something like:

.exec(function(err, docs){
   docs = docs.filter(function(doc){
     return doc.tags.length;
   // do stuff with docs
Recommended from our users: Dynamic Network Monitoring from WhatsUp Gold from IPSwitch. Free Download