Kevin Kevin - 4 months ago 17
Bash Question

Loop inside "heredoc" in shell scripting

I need to execute series of commands inside an interactive program/utility with parameterized values. Is there a way to loop inside heredoc ? Like below .. Not sure if

eval
can be of any help here. Below example doesn't seem to work as the interactive doesn't seem to recognize system commands.

#!/bin/sh
list="OBJECT1 OBJECT2 OBJECT3"
utilityExecutable << EOF
for i in $list ; do
utilityCommand $i
done
EOF

Answer

Instead of passing a here-document to utilityExecutable, the equivalent is to pipe the required text to it. You can create the desired text using echo statements in a for-loop, and pipe the entire loop output to utilityExecutable:

#!/bin/sh

list="OBJECT1 OBJECT2 OBJECT3"

for i in $list; do
    echo "utilityCommand $i"
done | utilityExecutable