LauroSkr LauroSkr - 3 months ago 17
AngularJS Question

AngularJS : When to use transclude 'true' and transclude 'element'?

When should I use

transclude: 'true'
and when
transclude: 'element'
?
I cant find anything about
transclude: 'element'
in the angular docs, they are pretty confusing.

I would be happy if someone could explain this in simple language.
What is the benefit of each option? What is the real difference between them?

This is what I have found :


transclude: true


Inside a compile function, you can manipulate the DOM with the help of transclude linking function or you can insert the transcluded DOM into the template using ngTransclude directive on any HTML tag.


and


transclude: ‘element’


This transcludes the entire element and a transclude linking function is introduced in the compile function. You can not have access to scope here because the scope is not yet created. Compile function creates a link function for the directive which has access to scope and transcludeFn lets you touch the cloned element (which was transcluded) for DOM manipulation or make use of data bound to scope in it. For your information, this is used in ng-repeat and ng-switch.

Answer

From AngularJS Documentation on Directives:

transclude - compile the content of the element and make it available to the directive. Typically used with ngTransclude. The advantage of transclusion is that the linking function receives a transclusion function which is pre-bound to the correct scope. In a typical setup the widget creates an isolate scope, but the transclusion is not a child, but a sibling of the isolate scope. This makes it possible for the widget to have private state, and the transclusion to be bound to the parent (pre-isolate) scope.

true - transclude the content of the directive.

'element' - transclude the whole element including any directives defined at lower priority.

transclude: true

So let's say you have a directive called my-transclude-true declared with transclude: true that looks like this:

<div>
  <my-transclude-true>
    <span>{{ something }}</span>
    {{ otherThing }}
  </my-transclude-true>
</div>

After compiling and before linking this becomes:

<div>
  <my-transclude-true>
    <!-- transcluded -->
  </my-transclude-true>
</div>

The content (children) of my-transclude-true which is <span>{{ something }}</span> {{..., is transcluded and available to the directive.

transclude: 'element'

If you have a directive called my-transclude-element declared with transclude: 'element' that looks like this:

<div>
  <my-transclude-element>
    <span>{{ something }}</span>
    {{ otherThing }}
  </my-transclude-element>
</div>

After compiling and before linking this becomes:

<div>
   <!-- transcluded -->
</div>

Here, the whole element including its children are transcluded and made available to the directive.

What happens after linking?

That's up to your directive to do what it needs to do with the transclude function. ngRepeat uses transclude: 'element' so that it can repeat the whole element and its children when the scope changes. However, if you only need to replace the tag and want to retain it's contents, you can use transclude: true with the ngTransclude directive which does this for you.

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