JoelFan JoelFan -4 years ago 105
C# Question

make sure object only created by factory (C#)

How do I make sure that a certain class is only instantiated by a factory and not by calling new directly?

EDIT: I need the factory to be a separate class (for dependency injection purposes) so I can't make it a static method of the class to be instantiated, and so I can't make new private.

Answer Source

If, for some reason, you need the factory and the constructed class to be in separate assemblies (which means simply using internal won't work), and you can ensure that your factory gets a chance to run first, you can do this:

// In factory assembly:

public class Factory
{
    public Factory()
    {
        token = new object();
        MyClass.StoreCreateToken(token);
    }

    public MyClass Create()
    {
        return new MyClass(token);
    }

    private object token;
}

// In other assembly:

public class MyClass
{
    public static void StoreCreateToken(object token)
    {
        if (token != null) throw new InvalidOperationException(
            "Only one factory can create MyClass.");

        this.token = token;
    }

    public MyClass(object token)
    {
        if (this.token != token) throw new InvalidOperationException(
            "Need an appropriate token to create MyClass.");
    }

    private static object token;
}

Yes, it's cumbersome and awkward. But there may be weird situations where this is actually a good solution.

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