lefty lefty - 13 days ago 7
C++ Question

How do I pass an OpenCV Mat into a C++ Tensorflow graph?

In Tensorflow C++ I can load an image file into the graph using

tensorflow::Node* file_reader = tensorflow::ops::ReadFile(tensorflow::ops::Const(IMAGE_FILE_NAME, b.opts()),b.opts().WithName(input_name));
tensorflow::Node* image_reader = tensorflow::ops::DecodePng(file_reader, b.opts().WithAttr("channels", 3).WithName("png_reader"));
tensorflow::Node* float_caster = tensorflow::ops::Cast(image_reader, tensorflow::DT_FLOAT, b.opts().WithName("float_caster"));
tensorflow::Node* dims_expander = tensorflow::ops::ExpandDims(float_caster, tensorflow::ops::Const(0, b.opts()), b.opts());
tensorflow::Node* resized = tensorflow::ops::ResizeBilinear(dims_expander, tensorflow::ops::Const({input_height, input_width},b.opts().WithName("size")),b.opts());


For an embedded application I would like to instead pass an OpenCV Mat into this graph.

How would I convert the Mat to a tensor that could be used as input to tensorflow::ops::Cast or tensorflow::ops::ExpandDims?

Answer

It's not directly from a CvMat, but you can see an example of how to initialize a Tensor from an in-memory array in the TensorFlow Android example: https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/master/tensorflow/examples/android/jni/tensorflow_jni.cc#L173

You would start off by creating a new tensorflow::Tensor object, with something like this (all code untested):

tensorflow::Tensor input_tensor(tensorflow::DT_FLOAT, tensorflow::TensorShape({1, height, width, depth}));

This creates a Tensor object with float values, with a batch size of 1, and a size of widthxheight, and with depth channels. For example a 128 wide by 64 high image with 3 channels would pass in a shape of {1, 64, 128, 3}. The batch size is just used when you need to pass in multiple images in a single call, and for simple uses you can leave it as 1.

Then you would get the underlying array behind the tensor using a line like this:

auto input_tensor_mapped = input_tensor.tensor<float, 4>();

The input_tensor_mapped object is an interface to the data in your newly-created tensor, and you can then copy your own data into it. Here I'm assuming you've set source_data as a pointer to your source data, for example:

const float* source_data = some_structure.imageData;

You can then loop through your data and copy it over:

for (int y = 0; y < height; ++y) {
    const float* source_row = source_data + (y * width * depth);
    for (int x = 0; x < width; ++x) {
        const float* source_pixel = source_row + (x * depth);
        for (int c = 0; c < depth; ++c) {
           const float* source_value = source_pixel + c;
           input_tensor_mapped(0, y, x, c) = *source_value;
        }
    }
}

There are obvious opportunities to optimize this naive approach, and I don't have sample code on hand to show how to deal with the OpenCV side of getting the source data, but hopefully this is helpful to get you started.