Donnie Ibiyemi Donnie Ibiyemi - 3 months ago 21
Javascript Question

Make image drawn on canvas draggable with JavaScript

I was able to successfully draw an image on an HTML canvas. But I need to be able to drag the image about on the canvas.

I know this function can be implemented easily by some JavaScript libraries like KinectJS. But I want to just do it with simple JavaScript.

window.onload = function(){
var canvas = document.getElementById("myCanvas");
var context = canvas.getContext("2d");
var destX = 0;
var destY = 0;
var imageObj = new Image();

imageObj.onload = function(){
context.drawImage(imageObj, destX, destY);
};
imageObj.src = "westeros.png";


<canvas id="myCanvas" height=1024 width=360></canvas>

Answer

To do dragging you handle 3 mouse events:

  1. mousedown -- set a flag indicating that the drag has begun.

  2. mouseup -- clear that drag flag because the drag is over

  3. mousemove -- if the drag flag is set, clear the canvas and draw the image at the mouse position

Here is some code:

<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" media="all" href="css/reset.css" /> <!-- reset css -->
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery.min.js"></script>

<style>
    body{ background-color: ivory; }
    canvas{border:1px solid red;}
</style>

<script>
$(function(){


    var img = new Image();
    img.onload = function(){
        ctx.drawImage(img, 0,0);
    };
    img.src = "http://images.christmastimeclipart.com/images/2/1271716593176_1788/img_1271716593176_17881.jpg";

    var canvas=document.getElementById("canvas");
    var ctx=canvas.getContext("2d");
    var canvasOffset=$("#canvas").offset();
    var offsetX=canvasOffset.left;
    var offsetY=canvasOffset.top;
    var canvasWidth=canvas.width;
    var canvasHeight=canvas.height;
    var isDragging=false;

    function handleMouseDown(e){
      canMouseX=parseInt(e.clientX-offsetX);
      canMouseY=parseInt(e.clientY-offsetY);
      // set the drag flag
      isDragging=true;
    }

    function handleMouseUp(e){
      canMouseX=parseInt(e.clientX-offsetX);
      canMouseY=parseInt(e.clientY-offsetY);
      // clear the drag flag
      isDragging=false;
    }

    function handleMouseOut(e){
      canMouseX=parseInt(e.clientX-offsetX);
      canMouseY=parseInt(e.clientY-offsetY);
      // user has left the canvas, so clear the drag flag
      //isDragging=false;
    }

    function handleMouseMove(e){
      canMouseX=parseInt(e.clientX-offsetX);
      canMouseY=parseInt(e.clientY-offsetY);
      // if the drag flag is set, clear the canvas and draw the image
      if(isDragging){
          ctx.clearRect(0,0,canvasWidth,canvasHeight);
          ctx.drawImage(img,canMouseX-128/2,canMouseY-120/2,128,120);
      }
    }

    $("#canvas").mousedown(function(e){handleMouseDown(e);});
    $("#canvas").mousemove(function(e){handleMouseMove(e);});
    $("#canvas").mouseup(function(e){handleMouseUp(e);});
    $("#canvas").mouseout(function(e){handleMouseOut(e);});

}); // end $(function(){});
</script>

</head>

<body>
    <canvas id="canvas" width=400 height=300></canvas>
</body>
</html>
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