G. Alon G. Alon - 1 year ago 47
TypeScript Question

Recommended way to implement Iterator<T> in Typescript, before ES6

I have a project that includes many classes that ideally would implement the

interfaces. However I cannot seem to find a standard TypeScript definition of these interfaces (for example in typescript-collections or some similar package).

I understand these are somewhat standardized in ECMAScript 6 through the
mechanism, but my target is ECMAScript 5 and will stay so for the foreseeable future.

Can I somehow get these interfaces without defining them myself (for future compatibility with other modules, for example)?

Answer Source

This is a duplicate of: typescript: make class objects iterable, but here's an answer to ES5:

You want to use a ES6 feature:

One addition of ECMAScript 2015 (ES6) is not new syntax or a new built-in, but a protocol. This protocol can be implemented by any object respecting some conventions.

There are two protocols: The iterable protocol and the iterator protocol.

In a ES5 environment (compilation and/or runtime), and that's not something that you can do.
With that being said, you can get close enough because:

An object is an iterator when it knows how to access items from a collection one at a time, while keeping track of its current position within that sequence. In JavaScript an iterator is an object that provides a next() method which returns the next item in the sequence. This method returns an object with two properties: done and value.

So you can just return and object with a next method and it's an iterator:

class Counter /* implements Iterator<number> */ {
    private counter = 0;

    //public next(): IteratorResult<number> {
    public next(): { done: boolean, value: number } {
        return {
            done: false,
            value: this.counter++

let c = new Counter();
console.log(c.next().value); // 0
console.log(c.next().value); // 1
console.log(c.next().value); // 2

(code in playground)

The commented out parts will work with target ES6 but not when it's below that.
But if your runtime environment does support this feature then the compiled js will do the job just fine.