Let's say I have one line of
printf( "line 1\n"
"line 9\n.. etc");
what are the costs incurred by this style compared to having multiple printf()'s for each line ?
printf will result in multiple function calls and that's the only overhead.
Would there be a possible stack overflow if the string is too long?
No stack overflow in this case. String literals are generally stored in read only memory, not in stack memory. When a string is passed to
printf then only a pointer to its first element is copied to the stack.
Compiler will treat this multi line string "line 1\n"
"line 2\n" "line 3\n" "line 4\n" "line 5\n" "line 6\n" "line 7\n" "line 8\n" "line 9\n.. etc"
as single string
"line 1\nline 2\nline 3\nline 4\nline 5\nline 6\nline 7\nline 8\nline 9\n.. etc"
and this will be stored in read only section of the memory.
The implementation shall be able to translate and execute at least one program that contains at least one instance of every one of the following limits18):
- 4095 characters in a string literal (after concatenation)