zaczap zaczap - 11 months ago 48
PHP Question

Any way to specify optional parameter values in PHP?

Let's say I've got a PHP function foo:

function foo($firstName = 'john', $lastName = 'doe') {
echo $firstName . " " . $lastName;
// foo(); --> john doe

Is there any way to specify only the second optional parameter?


foo($lastName='smith'); // output: john smith

Answer Source

PHP does not support named parameters for functions per se. However, there are some ways to get around this:

  1. Use an array as the only argument for the function. Then you can pull values from the array. This allows for using named arguments in the array.
  2. If you want to allow optional number of arguments depending on context, then you can use func_num_args and func_get_args rather than specifying the valid parameters in the function definition. Then based on number of arguments, string lengths, etc you can determine what to do.
  3. Pass a null value to any argument you don't want to specify. Not really getting around it, but it works.
  4. If you're working in an object context, then you can use the magic method __call() to handle these types of requests so that you can route to private methods based on what arguments have been passed.