trailmax trailmax - 4 years ago 104
C# Question

How do I use ASP.NET Identity 2.0 to allow a user to impersonate another user?

I'm migrating a ASP.NET MVC 5.1 application from MembershipProvider to ASP.NET Identity v2.0. One of the features I have in the application is user impersonation: Administrators can be logged in as any other user registered on the site without knowing passwords.

I used this code to implement user impersonation for the MembershipProvider and this does not work with Identity library.

How do I implement user impersonation (not IIS impersonation) in ASP.NET Identity?

Answer Source

I've found a solution to this problem.

Basically I add claim with admin username, if this claim exists, I know that impersonation is happening. When admin wants to stop impersonation, system retrieves original username for the claims, deletes old impersonated-cookie and creates a new cookie for the admin:

public async Task ImpersonateUserAsync(string userName)
{
    var context = HttpContext.Current;

    var originalUsername = context.User.Identity.Name;

    var impersonatedUser = await userManager.FindByNameAsync(userName);

    var impersonatedIdentity = await userManager.CreateIdentityAsync(impersonatedUser, DefaultAuthenticationTypes.ApplicationCookie);
    impersonatedIdentity.AddClaim(new Claim("UserImpersonation", "true"));
    impersonatedIdentity.AddClaim(new Claim("OriginalUsername", originalUsername));

    var authenticationManager = context.GetOwinContext().Authentication;
    authenticationManager.SignOut(DefaultAuthenticationTypes.ApplicationCookie);
    authenticationManager.SignIn(new AuthenticationProperties() { IsPersistent = false }, impersonatedIdentity);
}

More information is in my blog-post: User impersonation with ASP.Net Identity 2.

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