Jérémie Chazelle Jérémie Chazelle - 2 years ago 203
Javascript Question

How can I use Jasmine with CucumberJS?

How can I use jasmine with cucumberjs ?

I tried this solution from http://stackoverflow.com/a/30763260/5453732

But I have always this error : TypeError: this.expect(...).toBe is not a function at World. (/myApp/tests/e2e/steps/main.step.js:33:79)

Line 39 :

this.expect(element(by.css('[data-el="' + field + '"]')).isPresent()).toBe(true);



Feature: Login feature
As a user
I want authenticate my account

Scenario: Authentication success
Given I am on "#/" page
Given I check if "navbar-menu-user-module" is visible
Given I wait "3" seconds


module.exports = function () {

this.World = require("../support/world.js").World;

this.path = '#/';

this.Given(/^I am on "?([^"]*)"? page$/, function (arg1, callback) {

this.Given(/^I wait "?([^"]*)"? seconds$/, function (arg1, callback) {

this.Given(/^I check if "?([^"]*)"? is visible$/, function (field, callback) {
this.expect(element(by.css('[data-el="' + field + '"]')).isPresent()).toBe(true);


var World, chai, chaiAsPromised;
chai = require('chai');
chaiAsPromised = require('chai-as-promised');

World = function World(callback) {
this.expect = chai.expect;

module.exports.World = World;


/* protractor.conf.js */
exports.config = {
directConnect: true,

seleniumServerJar: 'node_modules/selenium-server/lib/runner/selenium-server-standalone-2.48.2.jar',

specs: [

getPageTimeout: 30000,

capabilities: {
'browserName': 'chrome',
version: '',
platform: 'ANY'

onPrepare: function() {
var width = 1024, height = 800;

browser.driver.manage().window().setSize(width, height);

framework: 'cucumber',

cucumberOpts: {
require: [
format: 'pretty', // or summary
keepAlive: false

onCleanUp: function() {}


and my html :

<a data-el="navbar-menu-user-module" href="./#/user">User Module</a>


"name": "myApp",
"version": "1.0.0",
"description": "myApp",
"dependencies": {
"devDependencies": {
"chai": "^3.3.0",
"chai-as-promised": "^5.1.0",
"jasmine-core": "~2.3.4",
"protractor": "^2.5.1",
"selenium-server": "^2.48.2",
"selenium-standalone": "^4.7.0",
"selenium-webdriver": "^2.48.0",

Answer Source

The key thing to remember is that CucumberJS and Jasmine are mutually exclusive. You can only use Jasmine's expect's in conjunction with the Jasmine framework. toBe() is a function that is provided by Jasmine's expect, which doesn't exist in your framework. That is why you are receiving the error you described.

Since you are using CucumberJS to structure your test you need to use a separate assertion library, the most popular one being Chai. You'll need to use a function provided by Chai for your assertion. In your case you'll probably want to use the equal() function. Also remember that Protractor's isPresent() function returns a promise, so you'll want to use the eventually chain provided by chai-as-promised. All together, the following assertion:

this.expect(element(by.css('[data-el="' + field + '"]')).isPresent()).toBe(true);

should be changed to:

this.expect(element(by.css('[data-el="' + field + '"]')).isPresent()).to.eventually.equal(true);
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