Alexandre Bourlier Alexandre Bourlier - 23 days ago 8
PHP Question

Are PHP variables declared inside a foreach loop destroyed and re-created at each iteration?

If I declare a variable inside a foreach loop, such as:

foreach($myArray as $myData) {
$myVariable = 'x';
}


Does PHP destroy it, and re-creates it at each iteration ? In other words, would it be smarter performance-wise to do:

$myVariable;
foreach($myArray as $myData) {
$myVariable = 'x';
}


Thank you in advance for your insights.

Answer Source

In your first example:

foreach($myArray as $myData) {
    $myVariable = 'x';
}

$myVariable is created during the first iteration and than overwritten on each further iteration. It will not be destroyed at any time before leaving the scope of your script, function, method, ...

In your second example:

$myVariable;
foreach($myArray as $myData) {
    $myVariable = 'x';
}

$myVariable is created before any iteration and set to null. During each iteration if will be overwritten. It will not be destroyed at any time before leaving the scope of your script, function, method, ...

Update

I missed to mention the main difference. If $myArray is empty (count($myArray) === 0) $myVariable will not be created in your first example, but in your second it will with a value of null.