Forzaa - 6 months ago 49

Python Question

I'd like to sum every n columns of a matrix. How can I do that in a simple way without using a for loop? This is what I have now:

`n = 3 #size of a block we need to sum over`

total = 4 #total required sums

ncols = n*total

nrows = 10

x = np.array([np.arange(ncols)]*nrows)

result = np.empty((total,nrows))

for i in range(total):

result[:,i] = np.sum(x[:,n*i:n*(i+1)],axis=1)

The result will be

`array([[ 3., 12., 21., 30.],`

[ 3., 12., 21., 30.],

...

[ 3., 12., 21., 30.]])

How can I vectorize this operation?

Answer

Here's one way; first reshape `x`

to a 3D array and then sum over the last axis:

```
>>> x.reshape(-1, 4, 3).sum(axis=2)
array([[ 3, 12, 21, 30],
[ 3, 12, 21, 30],
[ 3, 12, 21, 30],
[ 3, 12, 21, 30],
[ 3, 12, 21, 30],
[ 3, 12, 21, 30],
[ 3, 12, 21, 30],
[ 3, 12, 21, 30],
[ 3, 12, 21, 30],
[ 3, 12, 21, 30]])
```