seppo0010 seppo0010 - 18 days ago 4
Android Question

java.lang.IncompatibleClassChangeError when including espresso-contrib:2.0

I have a subclass of android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView. It works fine when I use the application and testing.

However, when I include espresso-contrib in my gradle app file I get an exception when I try to run the same tests. The app still works. The same problem occurs in both sdk versions 21 and 22, on armv emulator and device. Using an x86 emulator it segfaults instead.

Gradle

androidTestCompile 'com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-contrib:2.0'


Exception

java.lang.IncompatibleClassChangeError: xxx.DashboardActivity$1
at dalvik.system.DexFile.defineClassNative(Native Method)
at dalvik.system.DexFile.defineClass(DexFile.java:226)
at dalvik.system.DexFile.loadClassBinaryName(DexFile.java:219)
at dalvik.system.DexPathList.findClass(DexPathList.java:321)
at dalvik.system.BaseDexClassLoader.findClass(BaseDexClassLoader.java:54)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:511)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:469)
at xxx.DashboardActivity.onCreate(DashboardActivity.java:54)
at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:5990)
at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1106)
at android.support.test.runner.MonitoringInstrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(MonitoringInstrumentation.java:346)
at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2278)
at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2390)
at android.app.ActivityThread.access$800(ActivityThread.java:151)
at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1303)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:135)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5257)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:372)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:903)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:698)


adb logcat

I/ActivityManager( 1229): START u0 {act=android.intent.action.MAIN flg=0x14000000 cmp=xxx/.activities.DashboardActivity} from uid 10059 on display 0
V/WindowManager( 1229): addAppToken: AppWindowToken{65964e3 token=Token{3f63d512 ActivityRecord{19743c9d u0 xxx/.activities.DashboardActivity t13}}} to stack=1 task=13 at 0
D/LifecycleMonitor( 2953): Lifecycle status change: xxx.activities.DashboardActivity@281384ef in: PRE_ON_CREATE
V/WindowManager( 1229): Adding window Window{2d974c1a u0 Starting xxx} at 2 of 7 (after Window{27a98488 u0 com.android.launcher/com.android.launcher2.Launcher})
W/RecyclerView( 2953): setScrollingTouchSlop(): bad argument constant 315513600; using default value
W/art ( 2953): Incompatible structural change detected: Structural change of android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView$Adapter is hazardous (/data/dalvik-cache/x86/data@app@xxx-1@b
ase.apk@classes.dex at compile time, /data/dalvik-cache/x86/data@app@xxx.test-1@base.apk@classes.dex at runtime): Virtual method count off: 26 vs 25
W/art ( 2953): Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$Adapter; (Compile time):
W/art ( 2953): Static fields:
W/art ( 2953): Instance fields:
W/art ( 2953): Z mHasStableIds
W/art ( 2953): Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$AdapterDataObservable; mObservable
W/art ( 2953): Direct methods:
W/art ( 2953): <init>()V
W/art ( 2953): Virtual methods:
W/art ( 2953): bindViewHolder(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;I)V
W/art ( 2953): createViewHolder(Landroid/view/ViewGroup;I)Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;
W/art ( 2953): getItemCount()I
W/art ( 2953): getItemId(I)J
W/art ( 2953): getItemViewType(I)I
W/art ( 2953): hasObservers()Z
W/art ( 2953): hasStableIds()Z
W/art ( 2953): notifyDataSetChanged()V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemChanged(I)V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemInserted(I)V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemMoved(II)V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemRangeChanged(II)V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemRangeInserted(II)V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemRangeRemoved(II)V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemRemoved(I)V
W/art ( 2953): onAttachedToRecyclerView(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView;)V
W/art ( 2953): onBindViewHolder(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;I)V
W/art ( 2953): onCreateViewHolder(Landroid/view/ViewGroup;I)Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;
W/art ( 2953): onDetachedFromRecyclerView(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView;)V
W/art ( 2953): onFailedToRecycleView(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;)Z
W/art ( 2953): onViewAttachedToWindow(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;)V
W/art ( 2953): onViewDetachedFromWindow(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;)V
W/art ( 2953): onViewRecycled(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;)V
W/art ( 2953): registerAdapterDataObserver(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$AdapterDataObserver;)V
W/art ( 2953): setHasStableIds(Z)V
W/art ( 2953): unregisterAdapterDataObserver(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$AdapterDataObserver;)V
W/art ( 2953): Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$Adapter; (Runtime):
W/art ( 2953): Static fields:
W/art ( 2953): Instance fields:
W/art ( 2953): Z mHasStableIds
W/art ( 2953): Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$AdapterDataObservable; mObservable
W/art ( 2953): Direct methods:
W/art ( 2953): <init>()V
W/art ( 2953): Virtual methods:
W/art ( 2953): bindViewHolder(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;I)V
W/art ( 2953): createViewHolder(Landroid/view/ViewGroup;I)Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;
W/art ( 2953): getItemCount()I
W/art ( 2953): getItemId(I)J
W/art ( 2953): getItemViewType(I)I
W/art ( 2953): hasObservers()Z
W/art ( 2953): hasStableIds()Z
W/art ( 2953): notifyDataSetChanged()V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemChanged(I)V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemInserted(I)V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemMoved(II)V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemRangeChanged(II)V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemRangeInserted(II)V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemRangeRemoved(II)V
W/art ( 2953): notifyItemRemoved(I)V
W/art ( 2953): onAttachedToRecyclerView(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView;)V
W/art ( 2953): onBindViewHolder(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;I)V
W/art ( 2953): onCreateViewHolder(Landroid/view/ViewGroup;I)Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;
W/art ( 2953): onDetachedFromRecyclerView(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView;)V
W/art ( 2953): onViewAttachedToWindow(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;)V
W/art ( 2953): onViewDetachedFromWindow(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;)V
W/art ( 2953): onViewRecycled(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$ViewHolder;)V
W/art ( 2953): registerAdapterDataObserver(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$AdapterDataObserver;)V
W/art ( 2953): setHasStableIds(Z)V
W/art ( 2953): unregisterAdapterDataObserver(Landroid/support/v7/widget/RecyclerView$AdapterDataObserver;)V
I/art ( 2953): Rejecting re-init on previously-failed class java.lang.Class<xxx.models.JSONArrayRecyclerViewAdapter>
I/art ( 2953): Rejecting re-init on previously-failed class java.lang.Class<xxx.models.JSONArrayRecyclerViewAdapter>
I/art ( 2953): Rejecting re-init on previously-failed class java.lang.Class<xxx.activities.DashboardActivity$1>
I/art ( 2953): Rejecting re-init on previously-failed class java.lang.Class<xxx.activities.DashboardActivity$1>
D/AndroidRuntime( 2953): Shutting down VM
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): Exception encountered by: Thread[main,5,main]. Dumping thread state to outputs and pining for the fjords.
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): java.lang.IncompatibleClassChangeError: xxx.activities.DashboardActivity$1
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at dalvik.system.DexFile.defineClassNative(Native Method)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at dalvik.system.DexFile.defineClass(DexFile.java:226)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at dalvik.system.DexFile.loadClassBinaryName(DexFile.java:219)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at dalvik.system.DexPathList.findClass(DexPathList.java:321)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at dalvik.system.BaseDexClassLoader.findClass(BaseDexClassLoader.java:54)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:511)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:469)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at xxx.activities.DashboardActivity.onCreate(DashboardActivity.java:54)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:5990)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1106)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at android.support.test.runner.MonitoringInstrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(MonitoringInstrumentation.java:346)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2278)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2390)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at android.app.ActivityThread.access$800(ActivityThread.java:151)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1303)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:135)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5257)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:372)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:903)
E/MonitoringInstrumentation( 2953): at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:698)

Answer

Espresso dependency is out of date. Reported and will be fixed in the future. https://code.google.com/p/android-test-kit/issues/detail?id=139

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