Whirlwind Whirlwind - 2 years ago 102
iOS Question

Using unowned inside of a capture list causing a crash even the block itself isn't executed

Here, I was playing with leaks, so I've made a strong reference cycle intentionally to see if the Instruments will detect something, and I got unexpected results. The leak shown in Instruments certainly make sense, but the random crash is a bit mysterious (due to two facts I will mention later).

What I have here is a class called


class SomeClass{

//As you can guess, I will use this shady property to make a strong cycle :)
var closure:(()->())?
func method(){}
deinit {print("SomeClass deinited")}

Also I have two scenes, the

class GameScene: SKScene {

override func didMoveToView(view: SKView) {

backgroundColor = .blackColor()

let someInstance = SomeClass()

let closure = {[unowned self] in

someInstance.method() //This causes the strong reference cycle...
someInstance.closure = closure

override func touchesBegan(touches: Set<UITouch>, withEvent event: UIEvent?) {

if let nextScene = MenuScene(fileNamed: "MenuScene"){
nextScene.scaleMode = .AspectFill
let transition = SKTransition.fadeWithDuration(1)
view?.presentScene(nextScene, transition: transition)

deinit {print("GameScene deinited")}

func method(){}

And finally, the
which is identical to the
, just with an empty
method (it has only
method implemented).

Reproducing the Crash

The crash can be reproduce by transitioning between scenes for a few times. By doing that, the leak will happen because
is retained by the
variable, and the
variable is retained by the
variable, so we have a cycle. But still, this will not produce the crash (it will just leak). When I actually try to add
inside of a closure, the app crashes and I get this:

error info

and this:

error info

The exact same crash I can produce if I try to access an
reference when the object it references is deallocated, eg. when closure outlives the captured instance. That make sense, but that is not the case here (closure is never executed).

The Mysterious Part

The mysterious part is that this crash happens only on iOS 9.1 and not on iOS9.3. And another mysterious thing is, the fact that the app crashes randomly, but mostly within first ten transitions . Also, the weird part is why it crashes if the closure is never executed, or the instance it captures is not accessed (at least not by me).

Solution to the Problem but not the Answer to the Question

Of course the crash can be solved in a few ways by breaking the cycle, and I am aware that I should use
only when I am completely sure that captured instance will never become nil after initialization. But still, due to fact that I haven't executed this closure at all, after it outlived the scene, this crash is pretty awkward to me. Also, it might be worth of mentioning that scenes are deinited successfully after each transition.


If I use
weak self
inside of a capture list, the app will not crash (the leak still exists of course). Which make sense, because if the scene becomes
before block is deallocated, accessing the scene through optional chaining will prevent crash. But the interesting part is that even if I use
forced unwrapping
like this, it will not crash:

let closure = {[weak self] in

Which makes me think...Appreciate any hints about how to debug this or explanation about what causing the crash ...


Here is the Github repo

Answer Source

the crash is happening because the GameScene object has been released before the animation finishes.

one way to implement this would be to pass the SomeClass object back in the closure.

class SomeClass {
    var closure: (SomeClass->Void)?

which would be used like this:

override func didMoveToView(view: SKView) {
    let someInstance = SomeClass()
    someInstance.closure = { [unowned self] someClass in
        someClass.method() // no more retain cycle


turns out this is a combination of a nuance in the convenience init?(fileNamed:) + misuse of [unowned self] causing your crash.

although the official documentation doesn't seem to state it, as briefly explained in this blog post the convenience initializer will actually reuse the same object.

File References

The scene editor allows you to reference content between different .sks (scene) files, meaning you can put together a bunch of sprites in a single scene file and then reference the file from another scene file.

You might wonder why you would need more than one scene, and there a couple of reasons:

1) You can reuse the same collection of sprites in multiple different scenes, meaning you don’t have to recreate them over and over again.

2) If you need to change the referenced content in all of your scenes, all you have to do is edit the original scene and the content automatically updates in every scene that references it. Smart, right?

adding logging around the creation, setting of the closure and deinit leads to some interesting output:

GameScene init: 0x00007fe51ed023d0
GameScene setting closure: 0x00007fe51ed023d0
MenuScene deinited
GameScene deinited: 0x00007fe51ed023d0
GameScene init: 0x00007fe51ed023d0
GameScene setting closure: 0x00007fe51ed023d0

notice how the same memory address is used twice. i'd assume under the hood apple is doing some interesting memory management for optimization which is potentially leading to the stale closure still existing after deinit.

deeper digging could be done into the internals of SpriteKit, but for now i'd just replace [unowned self] with [weak self].

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