PhilVarg PhilVarg - 6 months ago 37
Javascript Question

Passing props to React Router children routes

I'm having trouble overcoming an issue with react router. The scenario is that i need to pass children routes a set of props from a state parent component and route.

what i would like to do is pass

childRouteA
its
propsA
, and pass
childRouteB
its
propsB
. However, the only way i can figure out how to do this is to pass
RouteHandler
both
propsA
and
propsB
which means every child route gets every child prop regardless of whether its relevant. this isnt a blocking issue at the moment, but i can see a time when i'd be using the two of the same component which means that keys on propA will overwritten by the keys by the keys of propB.

# routes
routes = (
<Route name='filter' handler={ Parent } >
<Route name='price' handler={ Child1 } />
<Route name='time' handler={ Child2 } />
</Route>
)

# Parent component
render: ->
<div>
<RouteHandler {...@allProps()} />
</div>

timeProps: ->
foo: 'bar'

priceProps: ->
baz: 'qux'

# assign = require 'object-assign'
allProps: ->
assign {}, timeProps(), priceProps()


This actually works the way i expect it to. When i link to
/filters/time
i get the
Child2
component rendered. when i go to
/filters/price
i get the
Child1
component rendered. the issue is that by doing this process,
Child1
and
Child2
are both passed
allProps()
even though they only need price and time props, respectively. This can become an issue if those two components have an identical prop name and in general is just not a good practice to bloat components with unneeded props (as there are more than 2 children in my actual case).

so in summary, is there a way to pass the
RouteHandler
timeProps when i go to the time route (
filters/time
) and only pass priceProps to
RouteHandler
when i go to the price route (
filters/price
) and avoid passing all props to all children routes?

Answer

I ran into a similar issue and discovered that you can access props set on the Route through this.props.route in your route component. Knowing this, I organized my components like this:

index.js

React.render((
  <Router history={new HashHistory()}>
    <Route component={App}>
        <Route
          path="/hello"
          name="hello"
          component={views.HelloView}
          fruits={['orange', 'banana', 'grape']}
        />
    </Route>
  </Router>
), document.getElementById('app'));

App.js

class App extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
  }

  render() {
    return <div>{this.props.children}</div>;
  }
}

HelloView.js

class HelloView extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
  }

  render() {
    return <div>
      <ul>
        {this.props.route.fruits.map(fruit => 
          <li key={fruit}>{fruit}</li>
        )}
      </ul>
    </div>;
  }
}

This is using react-router v1.0-beta3. Hope this helps!


Ok, now that I'm understanding your issue better, here's what you could try.

Since your child props are coming from a single parent, your parent component, not react-router, should be the one managing which child gets rendered so that you can control which props are passed.

You could try changing your route to use a param, then inspect that param in your parent component to render the appropriate child component.

Route

<Route name="filter" path="filter/:name" handler={Parent} />

Parent Component

render: function () {
  if (this.props.params.name === 'price') {
    return <Child1 {...this.getPriceProps()} />
  } else if (this.props.params.name === 'time') {
    return <Child2 {...this.getTimeProps()} />
  } else {
    // something else
  }
}
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