Kai Kai - 3 months ago 15
Android Question

When will MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED and MeasureSpec.AT_MOST be applied?

I am a bit confused about

MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED
and
MeasureSpec.AT_MOST
.
I know that when
match_parent
or an constant dimension value is set to
layout_width
or
layout_height
,
MeasureSpec.EXACTLY
will be applied when measuring the view.

Then, how about
MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED
and
MeasureSpec.AT_MOST
?

My understanding is that, when
layout_width
or
layout_height
is set to
wrap_content
,
MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED
will be applied, because
wrap_content
means the height or width of a view can be any size depending on the content. But many articles said that
wrap_content
means
MeasureSpec.AT_MOST
. So I am confused. I don't know when
MeasureSpec.AT_MOST
should be applied.

Answer

The basic definition of how a View is sized goes like this:

MeasureSpec.EXACTLY - A view should be exactly this many pixels regardless of how big it actually wants to be.

MeasureSpec.AT_MOST - A view can be this size or smaller if it measures out to be smaller.

MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED - A view can be whatever size it needs to be in order to show the content it needs to show.

MeasureSpec.AT_MOST will be applied to views that have been set to WRAP_CONTENT if the parent view is bound in size. For example, your parent View might be bound to the screen size. It's children will be also bound to this size, but it might not be that big. Thus, the parent view will set the MeasureSpec to be AT_MOST which tells the child that it can be anywhere between 0 and screen size. The child will have to make adjustments to ensure that it fits within the bounds that was provided.

In special cases, the bounds do not matter. For example, a ScrollView. In the case of a ScrollView, the height of the child Views are irrelevant. As such, it will supply an UNSPECIFIED to the children Views which tells the children that they can be as tall as they need to be. The ScrollView will handle the drawing and placement for them.