Madhava Jay Madhava Jay - 1 month ago 15
Android Question

Android cant record video with Front Facing Camera, MediaRecorder start failed: -19

Okay so I have spent all day trying to fix this problem, I have read every article on StackOverflow relating to the error code and other similar issues but nothing seems to make any difference.

I have two different code bases with the same problem.

The first one is code copied straight from developer.android.com here:
http://developer.android.com/guide/topics/media/camera.html#custom-camera

The second one is this code:

http://android-er.blogspot.com.au/2011/10/simple-exercise-of-video-capture-using.html

Both work fine with the normal rear camera, but as soon as I try to use the front facing camera I get the error.

This happens on the following devices:


  • Nexus S 4.1.2

  • Galaxy Nexus 4.1.2

  • Nexus 7 4.2.1 (it only has front facing camera)



I have tried what looks like 2.2 era Camera Params as well, which some people claim is required with some Samsung and HTC devices, although multiple different articles reference different String Keys:

c = Camera.open(frontFacingCameraID); // attempt to get a Camera instance
Camera.Parameters params = c.getParameters();
params.set("cam-mode", 1);
params.set("cam_mode", 1);
params.set("camera-id", 1);
c.setParameters(params);


None of these work, also please note that I am detecting the correct Front Facing Camera ID which on the Nexus 7 is of course: 0. But the results are the same on all the devices.

I have tried using low quality profile, I have tried setting the video resolution, encoder, output format, bitrate, frame rate and video size manually in a multitude of ways but none which have worked.

The thing which makes me think theres nothing wrong with most of the code is that the regular camera works fine. So my guess is its something to do with the prepareVideoRecorder() / prepareMediaRecorder() method which sets up the Media Recorder.

Does anyone know anything about this issue? Perhaps a Media Recorder manual encoding settings that are known to work on a front facing camera?

I have to say, the Android Camera and MediaRecorder API's suck. Compared with iOS its a bit of a mess, not to mention some of the scary looking param incompatibility issues and different resolutions across the fragmented device landscape.

Assuming I can get it working on my JB devices, does anyone know from experience if most of these issues are resolved with API 15 ICS?

I would consider not supporting API 10 Gingerbread if its going to be too hard to support.

Answer

Okay so I finally have it working sort of.

The issue seems to definately relate to Profile Settings and in particular Frame Rate.

On the Nexus S, my main test device if I probe the Camera.Parameters I get:

For the Rear Camera:
15 FPS to 30 FPS, fair enough.

For the Front Facing Camera:
7.5 FPS to 30 FPS, okay.

Then I check the Profiles I am trying to use,:

CamcorderProfile.QUALITY_HIGH
CamcorderProfile.QUALITY_LOW

QUALITY_LOW:
audioBitRate: 12200
audioChannels: 1
audioCodec: AMR_NB audioSampleRate: 8000
duration: 30
fileFormat: THREE_GPP
quality: 0
videoBitRate: 256000
videoCodec: H264
videoFrameRate: 30
videoFrameWidth: 176
videoFrameHeight: 144

QUALITY_HIGH:
audioBitRate: 24000
audioChannels: 1
audioCodec: AAC
audioSampleRate: 16000
duration: 60
fileFormat: MPEG_4
quality: 1
videoBitRate: 3000000
videoCodec: H264
videoFrameRate: 30
videoFrameWidth: 720
videoFrameHeight: 480

Clearly, the High Quality Profile is meant for the Rear Camera, seeing as the front facing is only 640x480. But they both state 30 FPS.

Now....

Heres the weirdness.

If I set ANY frame rate for the rear facing camera, no matter what profile, it crashes with the dreaded: -19 error

mediaRecorder.setVideoFrameRate(fpsInt);

Thats not a big deal coz I dont care about the rear camera but it is weird, considering the profiles are defaulting to 30 and the Params say they accept 15-30. But no int value iv tried has worked. If I ommit the setVideoFrameRate its fine.

Anyway, moving onto the Front Facing Camera.

So, if I use the QUALITY_LOW profile AND set the frame-rate to 15 or lower, it magically works.

mediaRecorder.setProfile(CamcorderProfile.get(CamcorderProfile.QUALITY_LOW));
mediaRecorder.setVideoFrameRate(15);

Infact any value, 1 - 15 works. Which seems weird.

So heres the connundrum, I can probably probe for resolution and select an appropriate res for most cameras, although im also fairly confident almost all front-facing cameras at minimum VGA 640x480.

But, what about the frame rate? In the case of the Nexus S, I don't see any way I could determine the value of 15 or lower without just guessing? Should I aim to always use the LOWEST frame-rate that is returned by the Camera?

I took at look at the Galaxy Nexus and it has 3 frame rate ranges, the first one is 15 - 15 and the second is 15 - 30. Its low quality profile is similar albiet higher resolution. If I use low profile on Galaxy Nexus it seems to work fine.

With the Nexus 7, I cant probe the CamcorderProfile's I keep getting null pointers, which is weird. It says it supports 4 FPS - 60 FPS. If I choose QUALITY_LOW which youd think should work, it crashes, and I cant find a frame rate it will work with. Although the error relates to setProfile, so I think the issue is with the built in profile. Surely the point of Android API is that its consistent, this is a flag ship device and the FF camera is there for Video Conferencing isnt it?????

So, while I have it working on two of the devices using manual custom settings for each, I can't see a clear way of making it work across multiple devices through code.

It seems that the Nexus S does not behave the way it promises to with regards to setting the FPS as per its Camera.getParameters().getSupportedPreviewFpsRange()

Im all happy for it to use Auto FPS settings but apparently it wont with the FF camera so what am I supposed to do? I have to explicitly set the FPS on the Nexus S and in this case to anything from 1 to 15 FPS, despite the Camera telling me it handles 7.5 - 30 FPS.

Seems like the promise of the setProfile fixing all the issues in 2.x wasnt entirely true.

I can understand if your writing the Camera App for a particular ROM you just customize it to that particular hardware, which might explain why people seem to always have buggy camera apps on custom roms. BUT..... how do downloadable video recording apps work? Are they custom to each device?

Is this why theres no Facebook Poke and Twitter Vine on Android yet???? :P

Shit Google, wtf is with your Camera API?

Does ANYONE know the best practises way to determine resolution and frame-rate for ALL API 15+ compatible devices?

Is that even possible, or am I going to be writing custom code on each device I test and then just roll the dice on the rest?

Or is the Nexus S and the Nexus 7 just freak accidents?