TonyGW TonyGW - 4 months ago 14
Javascript Question

React-native ES 6: when should I use curly braces for import?

It seems to be obvious, but I found myself a bit confused about when to use curly braces for importing a single module in ES6. For example, in the React-Native project I am working on, I have the following file and its content:

initialState.js:

var initialState = {
todo: {
todos: [
{id: 1, task: 'Finish Coding', completed: false},
{id: 2, task: 'Do Laundry', completed: false},
{id: 2, task: 'Shopping Groceries', completed: false},
]
}
};

export default initialState;


In the TodoReducer.js, I have to import it without curly braces:

import initialState from './todoInitialState';


If I enclose the
initialState
in curly braces, I get the following error for the following line of code:

Cannot read property todo of undefined

TodoReducer.js:

export default function todos(state = **initialState.todo**, action) {
}


Similar errors also happen to my components with the curly braces. I was wondering when I should use curly braces for a single import, because obviously, when importing multiple component/modules, you have to enclose them in curly braces, which I know.

Edit:

The SO post at here does not answer my question, instead I am asking when I should or should not use curly braces for importing a single module, or I should never use curly braces for importing a single module in ES6 (this is apparently not the case, as I have seen single import with curly braces required)

Answer

This is a default import:

// B.js
import A from './A'

It only works if A contains a default export:

// A.js
export default 42

In this case it doesn’t matter what name you assign to it when importing:

// B.js
import A from './A'
import MyA from './A'
import Something from './A'

Because it will always resolve to whatever is the default export of A.


This is a named import called A:

import { A } from './A'

It only works if A contains a named export called A:

export const A = 42

In this case the name matters because you’re importing a specific thing by its export name:

// B.js
import { A } from './A'
import { myA } from './A' // Doesn't work!
import { Something } from './A' // Doesn't work!

To make these work, you would add a corresponding named export to A:

// A.js
export const A = 42
export const myA = 43
export const Something = 44

A module can only have one default export, but as many named exports as you like (zero, one, or many). You can import them together:

// B.js
import A, { myA, Something } from './A'

Here, we import the default export as A, and named exports called myA and Something, respectively.

// A.js
export default 42
export const myA = 43
export const Something = 44

We can also assign them all different names when importing:

// B.js
import X, { myA as myX, Something as XSomething } from './A'

The default exports tend to be used for whatever you normally expect to get from the module. The named exports tend to be used for utilities that might be handy, but aren’t always necessary. However it is up to you to choose how to export things: for example, a module might have no default export at all.

This is a great guide to ES modules, explaining the difference between default and named exports.

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