rfj001 rfj001 - 3 months ago 39
Linux Question

Add User to Docker Container

I have a docker container with some processes (uwsgi and celery) running inside. I want to create a celery user and a uwsgi user for these processes as well as a worker group that they will both belong to, in order to assign permissions.

I tried adding

RUN adduser uwsgi
and
RUN adduser celery
to my Dockerfile, but this is causing problems, since these commands prompt for input (I've posted the responses from the build below).

What is the best way to add users to a Docker container so as to set permissions for workers running in the container?

My Docker image is built from the official Ubuntu14.04 base.

Here is the output from the Dockerfile when the adduser commands are run:

Adding user `uwsgi' ...
Adding new group `uwsgi' (1000) ...
Adding new user `uwsgi' (1000) with group `uwsgi' ...
Creating home directory `/home/uwsgi' ...
Copying files from `/etc/skel' ...
[91mEnter new UNIX password: Retype new UNIX password: [0m
[91mpasswd: Authentication token manipulation error
passwd: password unchanged
[0m
[91mUse of uninitialized value $answer in chop at /usr/sbin/adduser line 563.
[0m
[91mUse of uninitialized value $answer in pattern match (m//) at /usr/sbin/adduser line 564.
[0m
Try again? [y/N]
Changing the user information for uwsgi
Enter the new value, or press ENTER for the default
Full Name []:
Room Number []: Work Phone []: Home Phone []: Other []:
[91mUse of uninitialized value $answer in chop at /usr/sbin/adduser line 589.
[0m
[91mUse of uninitialized value $answer in pattern match (m//) at /usr/sbin/adduser line 590.
[0m
Is the information correct? [Y/n]
---> 258f2f2f13df
Removing intermediate container 59948863162a
Step 5 : RUN adduser celery
---> Running in be06f1e20f64
Adding user `celery' ...
Adding new group `celery' (1001) ...
Adding new user `celery' (1001) with group `celery' ...
Creating home directory `/home/celery' ...
Copying files from `/etc/skel' ...
[91mEnter new UNIX password: Retype new UNIX password: [0m
[91mpasswd: Authentication token manipulation error
passwd: password unchanged
[0m
[91mUse of uninitialized value $answer in chop at /usr/sbin/adduser line 563.
[0m
[91mUse of uninitialized value $answer in pattern match (m//) at /usr/sbin/adduser line 564.
[0m
Try again? [y/N]
Changing the user information for celery
Enter the new value, or press ENTER for the default
Full Name []: Room Number []: Work Phone []:
Home Phone []: Other []:
[91mUse of uninitialized value $answer in chop at /usr/sbin/adduser line 589.
[0m
[91mUse of uninitialized value $answer in pattern match (m//) at /usr/sbin/adduser line 590.
[0m
Is the information correct? [Y/n]

Answer

The trick is to use useradd instead of its interactive wrapper adduser. I usually create users with:

RUN useradd -ms /bin/bash newuser

which creates a home directory for the user and ensures that bash is the default shell.

You can then add:

USER newuser
WORKDIR /home/newuser

to your dockerfile. Every command afterwards as well as interactive sessions will be executed as user newuser:

docker run -t -i image
newuser@131b7ad86360:~$

You might have to give newuser the permissions to execute the programs you intend to run before invoking the user command.

Using non-privileged users inside containers is a good idea for security reasons. It also has a few drawbacks. Most importantly, people deriving images from your image will have to switch back to root before they can execute commands with superuser privileges.