Paul Paul - 10 days ago 5
Android Question

What permission I need in order to use camera flash in camera preview?

I have a custom camera application and I need to be able to turn flash on(torch mode actually)/off.

What kind of permission do I need in this case?

1.Only

<uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera"/>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA"/>


2.
Those from 1 plus:

<permission android:name="android.permission.FLASHLIGHT"
android:permissionGroup="android.permission-group.HARDWARE_CONTROLS"
android:protectionLevel="normal"/>


I think this is used when you want to use Flash, but without camera (like in this case: Android - Using Camera Flash)

3.Those from 1 plus:

<uses-permission android:name="android.hardware.camera.flash"/>


EDITED (thanks to @maclir):

Above line is incorrect. The correct one is:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA"/>


developer.android.com: "Subfeature. The application uses the device camera's flash." (http://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/uses-feature-element.html)

In all 3 cases, tested on 2 devices, works ok - I can activate/deactivate flash, but I want to be sure what exactly each of them means.
It is weird that even without option 3 it is working ok...for what is than used option 3?

I think I'm missing something...

ANSWER

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" />


is mandatory in order to use the camera (I'm not using camera via Intent, I have a customize camera app)

and:

<uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera" android:required="false"/>
<uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera.flash" android:required="false" />


are the camera specific features I use in the app.

android:required="false"
means Google Play will not prevent the application from being installed to devices that do not include these camera features - so the user having a device without camera and camera flash will be able to install the app from market.

http://developer.android.com/reference/android/hardware/Camera.html

Answer

According to android developers permission-group:

Note that this element does not declare a permission itself, only a category in which permissions can be placed. See the element for element for information on declaring permissions and assigning them to groups

You would need two permissions Manifest.permission:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.FLASHLIGHT" />

to be able to access the camera and the flashlight.

And you would need to declares the hardware features that is used by the application (camera and flash) Features Reference:

<uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera" android:required="false" />
<uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera.flash" android:required="false" />

android:required indicates whether phones not having these hardware can install your application or not.

On your third point, I think you have a type because uses-permission tag can not be used with android.hardware...

<uses-permission android:name="android.hardware.camera.flash"/>
Comments