kannanrbk kannanrbk - 1 month ago 10
Java Question

Why should avoid using Runtime.exec() in java?

Process p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(command);
is = p.getInputStream();
byte[] userbytes = new byte[1024];

I want to execute a shell command in linux os from java . But pmd reports says don't use java Runtime.exec(). Why? What is the reason ? Is there any alternative for Runtime.exec()?


Unless you're stuck on an ancient JVM, java.lang.ProcessBuilder makes it much easier to specify a process, set up its environment, spawn it, and handle its file descriptors.

This class is used to create operating system processes.

Each ProcessBuilder instance manages a collection of process attributes. The start() method creates a new Process instance with those attributes. The start() method can be invoked repeatedly from the same instance to create new subprocesses with identical or related attributes.


Starting a new process which uses the default working directory and environment is easy:

 Process p = new ProcessBuilder("myCommand", "myArg").start();

Here is an example that starts a process with a modified working directory and environment:

 ProcessBuilder pb = new ProcessBuilder("myCommand", "myArg1", "myArg2");
 Map<String, String> env = pb.environment();
 env.put("VAR1", "myValue");
 env.put("VAR2", env.get("VAR1") + "suffix");
 pb.directory(new File("myDir"));
 Process p = pb.start();