XiLab XiLab - 7 months ago 38
Javascript Question

Wordpress and AJAX - Upload image as featured

I'm using wordpress with ajax in a frontend form and I'd need support for handling and uploading the featured image. My problem is specifically about the featured image. My html is something like:

<form id="msform" action="#" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
//inputs of various nature
<input type="file" name="main_image" id="main_image" multiple="false" value="" accept=".png, .jpg, .jpeg, .gif"/>
<input type="submit" class="submit" value="Publish"/>
</form>


I send data to a php function (following Wordpress methods) through this jquery:

function apfaddpost() {
var formData = $('#msform').serialize();
formData.append('main_image', $('#main_image')[0].files[0]); //here should be the problem
jQuery.ajax({
type: 'POST',
url: apfajax.ajaxurl,
data: formData + '&action=apf_addpost', //here I send data to the php function calling the specific action
processData: false,
contentType: false

success: function(data, textStatus, XMLHttpRequest) {
var id = '#apf-response';
jQuery(id).html('');
jQuery(id).append(data);
resetvalues();
},

error: function(MLHttpRequest, textStatus, errorThrown) {
alert(errorThrown);
}

});
}


My function php is something like

function apf_addpost() {
require_once(ABSPATH . "wp-admin" . '/includes/image.php');
require_once(ABSPATH . "wp-admin" . '/includes/file.php');
require_once(ABSPATH . "wp-admin" . '/includes/media.php');
$file_handler = 'main_image';
$attach_id = media_handle_upload($file_handler,$pid );
update_post_meta($pid,'_thumbnail_id',$attach_id);
}


Important to say: all the other data like title, description, tags are correctly serialized and sent. The problem is for the image. I've tried also to use the
$_FILES[]
handler without success and I suppose that my ajax code is not so great then. Can you help me? If you have any other workaround for this issue please share! Thanks in advance.

[SOLVED] EDIT

Thanks to the answers below I've just changed my ajax into

function apfaddpost() {
var fd = new FormData($('#msform')[0]);
fd.append( "main_image", $('#main_image')[0].files[0]);
fd.append( "action", 'apf_addpost');
//Append here your necessary data
jQuery.ajax({
type: 'POST',
url: apfajax.ajaxurl,
data: fd,
processData: false,
contentType: false,

success: function(data, textStatus, XMLHttpRequest) {
var id = '#apf-response';
jQuery(id).html('');
jQuery(id).append(data);
resetvalues();
},

error: function(MLHttpRequest, textStatus, errorThrown) {
alert(errorThrown);
}

});
}


I've discovered that
FormData()
allows to serialize files, thing that
.serialize()
method doesn't. Known that, it has been simple to move on.
Thanks.

Answer

Please Try :

I have modify your code.

Jquery (added FormData() and append)

function apfaddpost() {
    var fd = new FormData();
    fd.append( "main_image", $('#main_image')[0].files[0]);
    fd.append( "action", 'apf_addpost');      
   //Append here your necessary data
    jQuery.ajax({
        type: 'POST',
        url: apfajax.ajaxurl,
        data: fd, 
        processData: false,
        contentType: false

        success: function(data, textStatus, XMLHttpRequest) {
            var id = '#apf-response';
            jQuery(id).html('');
            jQuery(id).append(data);
            resetvalues();
        },

        error: function(MLHttpRequest, textStatus, errorThrown) {
            alert(errorThrown);
        }

    });
}

in function.php

I have added file upload code

/******FILE UPLOAD*****************/
function upload_user_file( $file = array() ) {    
    require_once( ABSPATH . 'wp-admin/includes/admin.php' );
    $file_return = wp_handle_upload( $file, array('test_form' => false ) );
    if( isset( $file_return['error'] ) || isset( $file_return['upload_error_handler'] ) ) {
        return false;
    } else {
        $filename = $file_return['file'];
        $attachment = array(
            'post_mime_type' => $file_return['type'],
            'post_title' => preg_replace( '/\.[^.]+$/', '', basename( $filename ) ),
            'post_content' => '',
            'post_status' => 'inherit',
            'guid' => $file_return['url']
        );
        $attachment_id = wp_insert_attachment( $attachment, $file_return['url'] );
        require_once(ABSPATH . 'wp-admin/includes/image.php');
        $attachment_data = wp_generate_attachment_metadata( $attachment_id, $filename );
        wp_update_attachment_metadata( $attachment_id, $attachment_data );
        if( 0 < intval( $attachment_id ) ) {
          return $attachment_id;
        }
    }
    return false;
}

now modify your function apf_addpost() in function.php

function apf_addpost() {
     foreach( $_FILES as $file ) 
     {  
          if( is_array( $file ) ) {
                $attach_id =upload_user_file();  //Call function 
                update_post_meta($pid,'_thumbnail_id',$attach_id);
          }
     }

}