x2bool x2bool - 2 months ago 10
ASP.NET (C#) Question

How to free resources and dispose injected service in ASP.NET 5/Core by the end of request?

I have a service which is injected into a controller using the ASP.NET Core's default Dependency Injection Container:

public class FooBarService : IDisposable {
public void Dispose() { ... }
}

services.AddScoped<FooBarService>();


This creates one instance per request. How to ensure that the framework would dispose the FooBarService instance by the end of each request, without relying on destructors and garbage collection?

Answer

Like the all other DI containers, it will dispose IDisposable instances for you with respecting life time of instance.

In your stuation, if instance is registered as Scoped (Instance Per Request). It will dispose this instance after request is completed.

Edit: In official documents they don't mention this. So Let's check source code to be sure:

When a scope is created, ServiceScopeFactory returns a new ServiceScope which is depended with ServiceProvider and disposable.

ServiceProvider has private List<IDisposable> _transientDisposables; which keeps disposable services when TransientCallSite is invoked in CaptureDisposable method. Also ServiceProvider has private readonly Dictionary<IService, object> _resolvedServices = new Dictionary<IService, object>(); which keeps all services for Scoped.

When liftime/scope finishes, the ServiceScope is disposed. Then it disposes ServiceProvider which disposes all _transientDisposables and then it checks _resolvedServices and disposes disposable services in the dictionary in ServiceProvider dispose method.