Techie Techie - 7 months ago 13
PHP Question

for loop vs while loop vs foreach loop PHP

1st off I'm new to PHP. I have been using for loop,while loop,foreach loop in scripts. I wonder


  • which one is better for performance?

  • what's the criteria to select a loop?

  • which should be used when we loop inside another loop?



the code which I'm stuck with wondering which loop to be used.

for($i=0;$i<count($all);$i++)
{
//do some tasks here
for($j=0;$j<count($rows);$j++)
{
//do some other tasks here
}
}


It's pretty obvious that I can write the above code using while. Hope someone will help me out to figure out which loop should be better to be used.

Answer

which one is better for performance?

It doesn't matter.

what's the criteria to select a loop?

If you just need to walk through all the elements of an object or array, use foreach. Cases where you need for include

  • When you explicitly need to do things with the numeric index, for example:
  • when you need to use previous or next elements from within an iteration
  • when you need to change the counter during an iteration

foreach is much more convenient because it doesn't require you to set up the counting, and can work its way through any kind of member - be it object properties or associative array elements (which a for won't catch). It's usually best for readability.

which should be used when we loop inside another loop?

Both are fine; in your demo case, foreach is the simplest way to go.

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