loumbut5 loumbut5 - 1 month ago 10
C++ Question

How to initialize a class type used as a function parameter

I am trying to get a handle on HDL to C++ conversions and have hit a bit of a snag.
The conversion using Verilator on Ubuntu is easy enough but one data type is annoying me.

The top code in the hierarchy is...

#include <iostream>
#include "VDorQ24Syms.h"
#include "VDorQ24.h"

using namespace std;
// FUNCTIONS
VDorQ24Syms::VDorQ24Syms(VDorQ24* topp, const char* namep)
// Setup locals
: vm_namep(namep)
, vm_activity(false)
, vm_didInit(false)
// Setup submodule names
{
// Pointer to top level
tOPp = topp;
// Setup each module's pointers to their submodules
// Setup each module's pointer back to symbol table (for public functions)
tOPp->Vconfigure(this, true);
// Setup scope names
}


Passing data to the function

VDorQ24Syms::VDorQ24Syms(VDorQ24* topp, const char* namep)


is what I'm not getting. The second parameter is easy to understand. The first, not so much.

By this I mean, what is the compiler expecting me to pass? Which data type?

I want to pass data like so...

VDorQ24* randomCharacter;
if (VDorQ24Syms(randomCharacter, szAscii) == /*condition*/)
{
return /*value*/;
}


But 'randomCharacter' is uninitialized.

VDorQ24* randomCharacter = /*How do I initialize this?*/;

Answer

You example is not complete, but this might help you.

Your variable randomCharacter is not an instance of your class VdorQ24, it's a pointer to your class.

If you want to initialize your variable, set it to nullptr:

VdorQ24* randomCharacter = nullptr; // now you can be 100% certain that it's null.

If you acually wanted to create a new instance of VdorQ24, you can simply forget about the pointer and use values. Here we call the default constructor:

// Not a pointer, initialize the instance of your class directly.
VDorQ24 randomCharacter;

//              v---- Here we send a pointer to your variable using the '&' operator.
if (VDorQ24Syms(&randomCharacter, szAscii) == /*condition*/)
{
    return /*value*/;
}

If you want to send parameter to the constructor, you can use this syntax:

VDorQ24 randomCharacter{param1, param2};

In fact, any type can be initialized with this syntax, even int and arrays:

int a{1};

float b[] = {1.f, 2.f, 3.f};