artworkad シ artworkad シ - 6 months ago 22
Linux Question

Kill process by pid file

I try to kill a process by pid file:

kill -9 $(cat /var/run/myProcess.pid)


The pid file contains the process number. However executing the kill gives me no stdout and the processes is still alive. But this works:

kill -9 PID


What is wrong with the first kill command? Does it fail to extract the PID from the file?

Example content of pid file:

5424


and

kill -9 5424


works.

Answer

I believe you are experiencing this because your default shell is dash (the debian almquist shell), but you are using bash syntax. You can specify bash in the shebang line with something like,

#!/usr/bin/env bash

Or, you could use the dash and bash compatible back-tick expression suggested by admdrew in the comments

kill -9 `cat /var/run/myProcess.pid`

Regardless, you can't rely on /bin/sh to be bash.