feralin feralin - 2 months ago 4
Linux Question

Bash Prompt with Last Exit Code

So, I've been trying to customize by bash prompt so that it will look like

[feralin@localhost ~]$ _

with colors. I managed to get constant colors (the same colors every time I see the prompt) but I want the username ('feralin') to appear red, instead of green, if the last command had a nonzero exit status. I came up with:

\e[1;33m[$(if [[ $? == 0 ]]; then echo "\e[0;31m"; else echo "\e[0;32m"; fi)\u\e[m@\e[1;34m\h \e[0;35m\W\e[1;33m]$ \e[m

However, from my observations, the
$(if ...; fi)
seems to be evaluated once, when the
is run, and the result is substituted forever after. This makes the name always green, even if the last exit code is nonzero (as in,
echo $?
). Is this what is happening? Or is it simply something else wrong with my prompt? Long question short, how do I get my prompt to use the last exit code?


As you are starting to border on a complex PS1, you might consider using PROMPT_COMMAND.
With this, you set it to a function, and it will be ran after each command to generate the prompt.

You could try the following in your ~/.bashrc

PROMPT_COMMAND=__prompt_command # Func to gen PS1 after CMDs

__prompt_command() {
    local EXIT="$?"             # This needs to be first

    local RCol='\[\e[0m\]'

    local Red='\[\e[0;31m\]'
    local Gre='\[\e[0;32m\]'
    local BYel='\[\e[1;33m\]'
    local BBlu='\[\e[1;34m\]'
    local Pur='\[\e[0;35m\]'

    if [ $EXIT != 0 ]; then
        PS1+="${Red}\u${RCol}"      # Add red if exit code non 0

    PS1+="${RCol}@${BBlu}\h ${Pur}\W${BYel}$ ${RCol}"

This should do what it sounds line you want. Take a look a my bashrc's sub file if you want to see all the things I do with my __prompt_command function.